Master's, bachelor's, and doctorates are academic degrees. At most American colleges and universities, undergraduate students (those who have not yet received a bachelor's degree) declare a major. This is the subject they study at the most advanced level. A minor is a second subject which the students study more intensively than other subjects.
Majors and minors are not degrees. When a student graduates, they receive a bachelor's degree that specifies their major subject. They can then say they have, for example, a Bachelor of Science degree in economics.
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