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    #1

    "By which time" meaning

    What does phrase "by which time" in the sentence "She finally called a solicitor, by which time the hotel had been closed down" mean?

    I have only learnt that phrases "in which, at which, on which" have the same meaning with "when" and "where" in many cases in relative clause like this: Christmas day, on which almost everyone is happy, falls on December 24th.

    I don't know how to use other phrases like "by which time" in relatice clause and I don't understand what they mean. Please tell me how to use a preposition together with "which" in detail.

  1. Matthew Wai's Avatar
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    #2

    Re: "By which time" meaning

    'Which time' refers to the time she called a solicitor.
    'By' means 'before or not later than a particular time' according to http://www.ldoceonline.com/dictionary/by_1
    I am not a teacher.

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    #3

    Re: "By which time" meaning

    Consider the following examples of joining two sentences into one:

    Here comes the bus. I go to town on it. Here comes the bus on which I go to town.

    This is the bed. I sleep in it. This is the bed in which I sleep.

    Can you see that pond? I fell into it. That is the pond into which I fell.

    I have a hoop. My dog likes to jump through it.
    I have a hoop through which my dog likes to jump.

    There's a bridge in the city. The homeless sleep under it. There's a bridge in the city under which the homeless sleep.

    Do you get the idea?

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    #4

    Re: "By which time" meaning

    I still don't understand. Could you clarify the meaning of the sentence "She finallycalled a solicitor, by which time the hotel had been closed down" ?

  2. Matthew Wai's Avatar
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    #5

    Re: "By which time" meaning

    She finally called a solicitor, by which time the hotel had been closed down.
    She finally called a solicitor. By that time, the hotel had been closed down.
    She finally called a solicitor. Before that, the hotel had been closed down.
    The hotel had been closed down before she finally called a solicitor.
    I am not a teacher.

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    #6

    Re: "By which time" meaning

    binha10k12, there is no need to write a new post to indicate that you understand or to thank someone. Click on the "Like" and/or "Thank" button in the bottom left-hand corner of any post you find helpful. It saves time and space.
    Remember - if you don't use correct capitalisation, punctuation and spacing, anything you write will be incorrect.

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