'Which time' refers to the time she called a solicitor.
'By' means 'before or not later than a particular time' according to http://www.ldoceonline.com/dictionary/by_1
Student or Learner
What does phrase "by which time" in the sentence "She finally called a solicitor, by which time the hotel had been closed down" mean?
I have only learnt that phrases "in which, at which, on which" have the same meaning with "when" and "where" in many cases in relative clause like this: Christmas day, on which almost everyone is happy, falls on December 24th.
I don't know how to use other phrases like "by which time" in relatice clause and I don't understand what they mean. Please tell me how to use a preposition together with "which" in detail.
Consider the following examples of joining two sentences into one:
Here comes the bus. I go to town on it. Here comes the bus on which I go to town.
This is the bed. I sleep in it. This is the bed in which I sleep.
Can you see that pond? I fell into it. That is the pond into which I fell.
I have a hoop. My dog likes to jump through it. I have a hoop through which my dog likes to jump.
There's a bridge in the city. The homeless sleep under it. There's a bridge in the city under which the homeless sleep.
Do you get the idea?
She finally called a solicitor, by which time the hotel had been closed down.
She finally called a solicitor. By that time, the hotel had been closed down.
She finally called a solicitor. Before that, the hotel had been closed down.
The hotel had been closed down before she finally called a solicitor.
I am not a teacher.
binha10k12, there is no need to write a new post to indicate that you understand or to thank someone. Click on the "Like" and/or "Thank" button in the bottom left-hand corner of any post you find helpful. It saves time and space.
Remember - if you don't use correct capitalisation, punctuation and spacing, anything you write will be incorrect.