Here are just a few things I noticed on a first read, all of them relatively minor.
1) I don't think 'stucco' is the word you want. It isn't related to installing windows and glazing. If you're talking about the paste used to seal the glass into to the window frame, that's called glazing compound.
2) I think you want to change the word glassworks (it should be two words, or possibly hyphenated anyway) - that's used more for studios that create artistic glass. Places that sell windows and replacement glass are usually just called glass stores, at least in AmE.
3) Since you're writing for an English speaking audience, use the format of 0:00 for time, not 0.00, otherwise it looks like money instead of time.
4) Mrs and Mr need periods after them - they should be Mr. and Mrs.
5) Capitalize most words in the title - "The Man with a Golden Nose". Also, short story titles are usually enclosed in quotes, not italicized.
6) You'll want to work on breaking up the story into paragraphs.
7) Fingerprints would be 'on' the box, not 'over' the box.
Perhaps you could look for fingerprints on the box…
8) You're missing a definite article here.
The inspector replies, “Thank you, Mr Moser, I’m sure the money and jewels are still in the box.
9) This sentence is missing a pronoun.
The inspector, whose colleagues jokingly call him “The man with a golden nose”, begins pacing up and down smelling the air.
As a final double check, I've written my answer below in white text as kind of spoiler preventative. If my answer isn't the one you intend, then there may be some other errors.
Solution (highlight to view). Mr. Moser, the owner of the glass works is the thief, because he knew the box also contained jewelry. The inspector only mentioned money being stolen, not jewelry, so only the real thief would know it also had jewelry. End of solution.