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    • Member Info
      • Native Language:
      • Portuguese
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      • Brazil
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    #1

    Why Past Participle in these examples

    I don't quite understand why some words in English should be in the past participle.

    Yeah, the trees that don't fulfill their Christmas destiny are thrown in the chipper.
    Is this seat taken?
    I shouldn’t expect and fully demand all my planes be flown by robots and computers.
    Don't we need has/have in the past participle? If so, why those examples don't have it?

  1. Piscean's Avatar
    • Member Info
      • Native Language:
      • British English
      • Home Country:
      • Czech Republic
      • Current Location:
      • Czech Republic

    • Join Date: Jul 2015
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    #2

    Re: Why Past Participle in these examples

    The are passive construction.

    The passive voice is constructed with part of BE and the third form (past participle) of the verb.

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