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    #1

    Trudging off

    "IST: Oh dear! The irritating drizzle has picked up and the umpires have called for covers. The players are trudging off the field. We'll be back shortly once we get an update."

    What is the grammatical function of "off" in the sentence? Is it a preposition or part of a phrasal verb?

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    #2

    Re: Trudging off

    It's a preposition. Its object is 'the field'.

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    #3

    Re: Trudging off

    We could use trudge off as a phrasal verb, but here it is just a preposition:

    We trudged off in the rain.

    Here, it has a phrasal verb sense, and off doesn't not link the verb to the place left.

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    #4

    Re: Trudging off

    Quote Originally Posted by Tdol View Post

    We trudged off in the rain.

    Here, it has a phrasal verb sense, and off doesn't not link the verb to the place left.
    I wouldn't call that a phrasal verb The meaning is no different from that of the two words separately

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    #5

    Re: Trudging off

    Trudged off suggests that they started their journey, or one stage of it, to me, which is a change of meaning IMO.

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    #6

    Re: Trudging off

    Or moving on from a place.

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    #7

    Re: Trudging off

    I'd agree that 'set off' is a phrasal verb - the basic meanings of 'set' do not help us work out what 'set off' means. However, with 'trudged/ambled/walked/ran/loped/sped/etc off', the verbs retain their central meaning and 'off' retains one of its central meanings: http://www.macmillandictionary.com/d...american/off_1,.

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    #8

    Re: Trudging off

    I do take a broad view of what a phrasal verb is. I also see your point.

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    #9

    Re: Trudging off

    I tend to take a narrower view. There is little agreement on precisely which verbs + adverbs/particles/prepositions are phrasal verbs and which are not. I have even seen 'look at' listed as a phrasal verb. My own views are summarised here: https://www.usingenglish.com/article...ord-verbs.html. I have yet to meet anybody who agrees with me 100%.

    For learners, what is important is how the verb + adverb/particle/preposition patterns with nouns and pronouns. How you label the combination is not particularly important.

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