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  1. rock-onn's Avatar
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    #1

    Norway is located in northern europe.

    I have read that english uses simple present tense for universal truth. please consider the sentence below.

    Norway is located in northern europe.

    Why it is using simple past tense while it is a universal truth? what did i miss here?

    Thanks for the answers.

    vipin

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    #2

    Re: present tense rules

    It is using the simple present - is. Located is a past participle, but here it is used as an adjective. Present and past participles can be used as adjectives, and they can also be used to refer to the past, present and future- the names are not ideal. The simple past would be Norway was located, which would be wrong as it hasn't changed its location in Europe.

  2. emsr2d2's Avatar
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    #3

    Re: present tense rules

    Quote Originally Posted by rock-onn View Post
    I have read that English uses the simple present tense for universal truths. Please consider the sentence below.

    Norway is located in northern Europe.

    Why it is using is the simple past tense used while it is a universal truth? What did I miss here?

    Thanks for the answers.

    vipin Unnecessary
    Please see my corrections above. It is important to follow these rules of written English:

    - Start every sentence with a capital letter.
    - End every sentence with one appropriate punctuation mark.
    - Always capitalise the word "I" (first person singular).
    - Always capitalise proper nouns (Norway, Europe, Microsoft etc).

    The adjective "located" could be removed from the sentence with no change in meaning. "Norway is in northern Europe" is grammatical and actually more natural than the original. I'm sure that if you saw my version of the sentence you would have realised it uses the simple present.
    Remember - if you don't use correct capitalisation, punctuation and spacing, anything you write will be incorrect.

  3. rock-onn's Avatar
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    #4

    Re: present tense rules

    okay.

    Thanks for both of you.

    Great.

    adjective can be in any tense, another rule i guess.

  4. emsr2d2's Avatar
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    #5

    Re: present tense rules

    Quote Originally Posted by rock-onn View Post
    Okay.

    Thanks for to both of you.

    Great.

    An adjective can be in any tense. This is another rule, I guess.
    First, see my corrections above. In post #3, I told you that you must start every sentence with a capital letter and always capitalise the word "I".

    Adjectives do not have tenses. They never change, regardless of the tense used in the rest of the sentence.

    It is brown.
    It was brown.
    It has been brown.
    It will be brown.
    It had been brown.

    "Brown" is an adjective in that sentence.

    As you now know, "located" is an adjective in your original sentence.

    Norway is located in Europe.
    Norway was located in Europe.
    Norway will [always] be located in Europe.
    Norway has always been located in Europe.
    Remember - if you don't use correct capitalisation, punctuation and spacing, anything you write will be incorrect.

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    #6

    Re: present tense rules

    Please note that I have changed your thread title.

    Extract from the Posting Guidelines:

    'Thread titles should include all or part of the word/phrase being discussed.'

  5. rock-onn's Avatar
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    #7

    Re: present tense rules

    Thanks to emsr2d2.

    Please try to answer my another related doubt.

    Is it wrong to say "Norway locates in northern Europe"?. If yes, why?

  6. emsr2d2's Avatar
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    #8

    Re: Norway is located in northern europe.

    Is it wrong to say "Norway locates in northern Europe"?. If yes, why?

    Can anybody answer it?


    It's wrong. "To locate" is a transitive verb so it needs an object, and it means "to find".

    I located my phone under a tree.
    He located the criminal hiding under a car.

    In your example, Norway doesn't locate anything. "Norway is located in northern Europe" means "Norway is situated/positioned in Europe".
    Remember - if you don't use correct capitalisation, punctuation and spacing, anything you write will be incorrect.

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    #9

    Re: present tense rules

    A question mark is sufficient to end a sentence. Don't follow one with a period.
    I am not a teacher.

  7. rock-onn's Avatar
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    #10

    Re: Norway is located in northern europe.

    I have asked same question in another forum and i got a strange answer. I am copying and pasting it below.

    It is a passive sentence. Located is a past participle and it is used as head verb here. I do not think that it is used as an adjective. IS is the primary auxiliary verb.

    Letters are written.
    Tea is exported.
    These are examples of present simple tense. (passive voice)

    What you guys say about the above stuff ?

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