Student or Learner
"A Short History of Tactors in Ukrainian by Marina Lewycka...Shortlisted for the Orange prize, longlisted for the Man Booker prize..."
What does it mean by "shortlist" and "longlist"? Did it win the prize or not anyway?
Usually when someone or something is nominated for a prize of some sort, there are several elimination rounds before the final winner is selected.
The "long list" is the first list of all the nominees for the prize. The "short list" is a later list, after some entries from the long list have been voted off. The short list is usually made up of the finalists or semi-finalists in a contest.
If the blurb doesn't actually say A Short History of Tractors is the winner of a particular prize, that probably means that either the final judging hasn't yet taken place, or (more likely) the book didn't win. But just being nominated is an honor, as they always say, which is why they mentioned it being on those other lists.