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  1. rock-onn's Avatar
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    #1

    What does 'been' modify here?

    He has been invited.

    Why has he been invited?

    I think, in both cases 'been' modifies the adjective 'invited'. not sure.

  2. Piscean's Avatar
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    #2

    Re: What does 'been' modify here?

    'Been' does not modify anything. It is one of the two auxiliary verbs in the perfect passive construction 'has been invited'.

  3. rock-onn's Avatar
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    #3

    Re: What does 'been' modify here?

    Thanks. You mean that both 'been' and 'has' are auxiliary verb.

  4. Barb_D's Avatar
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    #4

    Re: What does 'been' modify here?

    Quote Originally Posted by rock-onn View Post
    Thanks. You mean that both 'been' and 'has' are auxiliary verb.
    Yes, the two verbs together are needed to form the passive voice of the present perfect.

    I invited him: He was invited.
    I have invited him: He has been invited.
    I will invited him: He will be invited.

    You need a form of "to be" in the passive.
    I'm not a teacher, but I write for a living. Please don't ask me about 2nd conditionals, but I'm a safe bet for what reads well in (American) English.

  5. Piscean's Avatar
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    #5

    Re: What does 'been' modify here?

    Perfect forms always require part of HAVE.
    Passive forms nearly always require part of BE*.
    Progressive/continuous forms always require part of BE.

    These auxiliaries can be used together to construct progressive perfect, progressive passive, perfect passive and (rarely) progressive perfect passive forms

    He has been working hard.
    She is being interviewed now.
    They have been dismissed.
    John has been being bullied at school.

    These auxiliaries can also be used with the full verbs HAVE and BE.

    Luke is being rather difficult at the moment.
    Luke has been rather difficult recently.
    ? Luke has been being rather difficult recently.

    Emma is having a good time in Paris.
    Emma has had a good time in Paris.
    Emma has been having a good time in Paris.
    A good time was had by all.

    GET is sometimes used instead of BE in passive constructions: Our team got beaten yesterday.
    Last edited by Piscean; 07-Aug-2016 at 06:44. Reason: typo

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    #6

    Re: What does 'been' modify here?

    I'd say the progressive perfect passive form is a lot more common with get. For example, our team has been getting beaten a lot lately. Or am I misidentifying the form?
    I am not a teacher.

  6. Piscean's Avatar
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    #7

    Re: What does 'been' modify here?

    Quote Originally Posted by GoesStation View Post
    I'd say the progressive perfect passive form is a lot more common with get.
    I agree.

  7. Odessa Dawn's Avatar
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    #8

    Re: What does 'been' modify here?

    In post #5, it has been written They have been dismisse with no inflection. Why has not it been written dismissed, please?

  8. Piscean's Avatar
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    #9

    Re: What does 'been' modify here?

    It was a typo, now corrected.

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    #10

    Re: What does 'been' modify here?

    Quote Originally Posted by Odessa Dawn View Post
    Why has not it been written dismissed, please?
    Late night posting, probably.

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