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    #1

    given Turkey's perception

    what's the meaning of the underlined in the following: "Steinmeier, speaking in northern German city of Stralsund, said there was virtually "no basis" for discussions at the moment, given Turkey's perception that Germany had not taken the coup attempt seriously and Germany's concern about mass arrests and dismissals in Turkey afterwards."? And what is the grammatical function of the words in bold? (taken from a newspaper article)

  1. Matthew Wai's Avatar
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    #2

    Re: given Turkey's perception

    'Given' means 'considering'. The bold part is a noun phrase.
    I am not a teacher.

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    #3

    Re: given Turkey's perception

    Is there omitted words in the second part of the sentence? and what does the word "perception" in the sentence mean?

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    #4

    Re: given Turkey's perception

    Quote Originally Posted by Rabab Azem View Post
    Is Are there omitted words in the second part of the sentence?
    No. You need 'the' before 'northern' in the first part of the sentence.
    and what does the word "perception" in the sentence mean?
    http://www.macmillandictionary.com/d...can/perception

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    #5

    Re: given Turkey's perception

    Quote Originally Posted by Rabab Azem View Post
    There was "no basis" for discussions, given Turkey's perception .

    NOT A TEACHER


    "Given Turkey's perception, there was 'no basis' for discussions."

    Here are the opinions of four famous grammarians.

    1. "Given the present conditions, I think that she's done rather well."

    a. = "If one takes into account present conditions, I think that ...."

    b. "Given" in that sentence is functioning as a preposition.

    2. "Given the chance, I'd do it again."

    a. = If I were given the chance, I'd ...."

    b. "Given" is functioning as a participle.



    Source: Quirk et al., A Comprehensive Grammar of the English Language (1985), page 660.

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