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  1. Boris Tatarenko's Avatar
    • Member Info
      • Native Language:
      • Russian
      • Home Country:
      • Russian Federation
      • Current Location:
      • Russian Federation

    • Join Date: May 2013
    • Posts: 1,099
    #1

    which uphold and which have perpetuated

    Hello.

    For Marx, an ideology amounts to the ideas of the ruling class. The ideas which uphold social stratification and (which) have perpetuated exploitation.

    Currently I'm translating a difficult text about ideologies and various beliefs. From time to time I realize our languages are so different that I even ponder how to express the same ideas and convey the same shades of meaning in English.

    I wonder, does the bold part make sense to you? Is it OK to combine two tenses like I did? Would you omit the second "which"?

    It's not my homework. I'm voluntarily doing it because, you know, I like English.
    Please, correct all my mistakes. I should know English perfectly and if you show me my mistakes I will achieve my dream a little bit faster. A lot of thanks.

    Not a teacher nor a native speaker.

  2. Matthew Wai's Avatar
    • Member Info
      • Native Language:
      • Chinese
      • Home Country:
      • China
      • Current Location:
      • Hong Kong

    • Join Date: Nov 2013
    • Posts: 7,844
    #2

    Re: which uphold and which have perpetuated

    I consider the bold part a noun phrase, which will become a sentence if 'and (which)' is omitted.
    I am not a teacher.

    • Member Info
      • Native Language:
      • English
      • Home Country:
      • UK
      • Current Location:
      • UK

    • Join Date: Mar 2014
    • Posts: 1,741
    #3

    Re: which uphold and which have perpetuated

    Yes, that makes sense to me.

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