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  1. Boris Tatarenko's Avatar
    Senior Member
    Student or Learner
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      • Native Language:
      • Russian
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      • Russian Federation
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      • Russian Federation

    • Join Date: May 2013
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    which uphold and which have perpetuated


    For Marx, an ideology amounts to the ideas of the ruling class. The ideas which uphold social stratification and (which) have perpetuated exploitation.

    Currently I'm translating a difficult text about ideologies and various beliefs. From time to time I realize our languages are so different that I even ponder how to express the same ideas and convey the same shades of meaning in English.

    I wonder, does the bold part make sense to you? Is it OK to combine two tenses like I did? Would you omit the second "which"?

    It's not my homework. I'm voluntarily doing it because, you know, I like English.
    Please, correct all my mistakes. I should know English perfectly and if you show me my mistakes I will achieve my dream a little bit faster. A lot of thanks.

    Not a teacher nor a native speaker.

  2. Matthew Wai's Avatar
    VIP Member
    Interested in Language
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      • Native Language:
      • Chinese
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      • Hong Kong

    • Join Date: Nov 2013
    • Posts: 8,187

    Re: which uphold and which have perpetuated

    I consider the bold part a noun phrase, which will become a sentence if 'and (which)' is omitted.
    I am not a teacher.

  3. Key Member
    English Teacher
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      • Native Language:
      • English
      • Home Country:
      • UK
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      • UK

    • Join Date: Mar 2014
    • Posts: 3,569

    Re: which uphold and which have perpetuated

    Yes, that makes sense to me.

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