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    #1

    'will have pp' for the past

    Reading Stephen King's 'Mr. Mercedes", I came across these excerpts:


    1) My mother knows, too, and she keeps an eye on me. She snoops on me. Because she wants to protect me. Mrs Hartsfield will have been the same. He was her son, after all.

    Mrs Hartsfield is dead when the character says that. She can't be 'the same' anymore. Why didn't he say "would be the same"?


    2) ‘It’s quarter of seven,’ Holly says, pointing to the digital readout on Brady’s Number Three. ‘He might still be waiting in line, but he’s probably inside already.’ Hodges knows she’s right. With that many kids going, seating will have started no later than six-thirty.

    Why did he use "will have pp" to write about the past?

  1. Piscean's Avatar
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    • Join Date: Jul 2015
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    #2

    Re: 'will have pp' for the past

    Will + bare infinitive can express present certainty about a present situation: It's midnight. George will be in bed now.

    Will​ + perfect infinitive can express present certainty about a past situation:
    Quote Originally Posted by HoldenCaulfield View Post
    . Mrs Hartsfield will have been the same. He was her son, after all.
    The speaker is certain that Mrs H was the same
    seating will have started no later than six-thirty.
    The speaker is certain that seating did start no later than six-thirty.

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