Teacher, to a class of 20 students: What's the simple past of "stand"?
(Silence from the students.)
Teacher: Come on! Does anyone know the answer?
Student (Paul): Is it "standed"?
Teacher: No, that's wrong. Do any of you know the correct answer?
Student (Maria): I think it's "stood".
Teacher: Well done, Maria. That's right.
As you can see, the teacher used both "Does anyone know ...?" and "Do any of you know ...?" They're both correct in this scenario.
"Any of you" means "any of the people I'm addressing".
Student or Learner