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  1. Newbie
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      • Japanese
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      • Japan
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      • Japan

    • Join Date: Oct 2016
    • Posts: 5
    #1

    not A and B, not A nor B

    Could you help me understand the usage of 'not' in a sentence?
    Here are sentences.
    1. I like apples and oranges.
    = I like the both fruits.
    2. I don't like apples or oranges.
    = I don't like the both fruits.
    3. I don't like apples and oranges.
    = I like one or the other, not the both.
    Am I right?

    4. Don't drink and drive.
    5. Don't drink or drive.

    I'm confused. Could you give me some explanation?

    Thank you in advance.

    Happy_Kay

  2. emsr2d2's Avatar
    Moderator
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      • British English
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      • UK
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    #2

    Re: not A and B, not A nor B

    Quote Originally Posted by Happy_Kay View Post
    Could you help me understand the usage of 'not' in a sentence?
    Here are some sentences.

    1. I like apples and oranges.
    = I like the both [the] fruits.

    2. I don't like apples or oranges.
    = I don't like the both either of the fruits.

    3. I don't like apples and oranges. This is unnatural. We would use number 2.
    = I like one or the other, not the both.

    Am I right?

    4. Don't drink and drive. This means "Don't drink alcohol and then drive a car while you are still under the influence of the alcohol" - don't drive when you are drunk.
    5. Don't drink or drive. This means you are being advised not to drink and you are being advised not to drive. There is no connection between them.

    I'm confused. Could you give me some explanation?

    Thank you in advance.

    Happy_Kay
    See above.
    Remember - if you don't use correct capitalisation, punctuation and spacing, anything you write will be incorrect.

  3. Editor, UsingEnglish.com
    English Teacher
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      • Laos

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    #3

    Re: not A and B, not A nor B

    Instead of looking for simple mathematics, start by asking yourself what the person intends to me. And/or do have grey areas, but ask yourself what you think the person wants to say- the more logical/realistic meaning is usually the right one.

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