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  1. Member
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    #1

    gerund phrase or participle phrase

    Hi all

    I am wondering if this phrase below is a gerund or participle phrase. Can anyone please tell me?

    "They hiked up hillsides examining fallen logs and knocking tree limbs" (from National Geographic)

    Thank you

  2. Piscean's Avatar
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    #2

    Re: gerund phrase or participle phrase

    The phrase is modifying 'they', so its a participle. Many modern grammarians do not find the difference useful.

  3. Mori's Avatar
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    #3

    Re: gerund phrase or participle phrase

    It's a participle phrase.

    When -ing forms are used like adjectives or adverbs, they have similar meanings to active verbs:
    falling leaves (= leaves that fall)
    a meat-eating animal (= an animal that eats meat)
    She walked out smiling. (= She was smiling.)

    Michael Swan, Practical English Usage Third edition, Page 379
    Last edited by Mori; 02-Dec-2016 at 20:37.

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