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Thread: omitting 'by'

  1. Member
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    #1

    Question omitting 'by'

    I'm wondering if 'by' is crucial in the following sentences:

    You can achieve your goal working hard.
    You can achieve your goal by working hard.

    or

    You can learn it reading books.
    You can learn it by reading books.

    Thanks in advance.

  2. VIP Member
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    #2

    Re: omitting 'by'

    The second is marginally possible. The first isn't.
    I am not a teacher.

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