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  1. Senior Member
    Interested in Language
    • Member Info
      • Native Language:
      • English
      • Home Country:
      • Singapore
      • Current Location:
      • Singapore

    • Join Date: Nov 2014
    • Posts: 531
    #1

    By the time Smith arrived/had arrived

    Is it okay to use the simple past tense instead of past perfect in the following?

    By the time Smith arrived/had arrived at the pool, he was exhausted.

    Thank you.

  2. VIP Member
    Interested in Language
    • Member Info
      • Native Language:
      • American English
      • Home Country:
      • United States
      • Current Location:
      • United States

    • Join Date: Dec 2015
    • Posts: 13,297
    #2

    Re: By the time Smith arrived/had arrived

    Only the simple past works.
    I am not a teacher.

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