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  1. Newbie
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    #1

    Having believed vs. believed

    Hello teachers,

    In which situation do we use having and which we can omit it out? They seem to have very similar meanings.

    Having believed that she was being cheated on,...

    Believed that she was being cheated on,...

    Thanks so much.
    Last edited by lovemusic1211; 20-Jan-2017 at 18:42.

  2. Moderator
    Retired English Teacher
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    #2

    Re: Having believed vs. believed

    Quote Originally Posted by lovemusic1211 View Post

    In which situation do we use 'having' and in which we can can we omit it out? They seem to have very similar meanings.

    1. Having believed that she was being cheated on,...

    2. Believed that she was being cheated on,...
    2 is ungrammatical. You need 'Believing ...'

  3. Newbie
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    #3

    Re: Having believed vs. believed

    Can "Having believed" and "Believing" in this context be used interchangeably? Do they have the same meaning?

    Thank you.

  4. VIP Member
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    #4

    Re: Having believed vs. believed

    No. Believing means she holds that belief at the time the narrative is set in. Having believed means she once held the belief, but she may not hold it at the time of the narrative.
    I am not a teacher.

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