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  1. Member
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    #1

    reduction in a sentence

    Here is the sentence : "Birna Brjánsdóttir, the Reykjavik native whose murder has shocked Iceland, should have been safe walking alone after a night out with friends, but she wasn't."


    there is a reduction between "should have been safe" and "waling alone". so what is it? I've tried to figure out something like "when she is" or "as she walks". but i don't think it campatible.


    Please help me with the reduction, and why that kind of reduction could happen.

  2. emsr2d2's Avatar
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    #2

    Re: reduction in a sentence

    There's nothing missing. It's a grammatical structure.

    She should be safe walking alone.
    She should have been safe walking alone.

    You should be OK eating those cakes. They're only three days out of date.
    We should be OK catching the train at 5pm. It's just a short journey.
    They should be happy playing in the park for a few hours. They do it most weekends.
    Remember - if you don't use correct capitalisation, punctuation and spacing, anything you write will be incorrect.

  3. Phaedrus's Avatar
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    #3

    Re: reduction in a sentence

    there is a reduction between "should have been safe" and "walking alone".
    Is there? You can add the words "while" or "while she was," but that doesn't mean that they were cut from the sentence.

    The participial phrase is an adverbial. Compare: "Walking alone, she should have been safe."

    so what is it?
    It is the end of the sentence that is grammatically reduced. "But she wasn't" isn't a complete clause by itself.
    There is an ellipsis after "wasn't." Here is the non-reduced sentence:

    "Birna Brjánsdóttir, the Reykjavik native whose murder has shocked Iceland, should have been safe walking alone
    after a night out with friends,
    but she wasn't [safe walking alone after a night out with friends]."

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