Sitting in his car, John lit a cigarette.
Student or Learner
Last edited by dihen; 26-Sep-2006 at 18:28.
Of course they are different structures.
You were the one, however, who posted that adjectival participial phrases could be stated as relative clauses with no change in meaning. I simply provided you an example.
I should have written them like this instead.:Originally Posted by dihen
("In the state of grunting and straining, Jean Valijean lifted the..."; most closely resembles the original meaning)
"After having finished the..., Todd decided to..."; most closely resembles the original meaning
Last edited by dihen; 27-Sep-2006 at 05:13.
Besides that, for me, a question for "Grunting and straining, Jean Valijean lifted the..." can be "He lifted it like that?"; that is, the adverb "like that" can refer to the participial phrase "grunting and straining". Is that possible for you?
Last edited by dihen; 29-Sep-2006 at 10:36.