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    #1

    she (had) loved her horse and would ride

    "Before she had been hard-working, she had loved her horse and would ride, and all these things started to fall by the wayside. "


    This is quoted from http://www.bbc.com/news/magazine-39212295


    There are two extremely difficult parts for me.


    Firstly, why is there no conjunction before the clause "she had loved her horse and would ride"?


    Secondly, why does it use "had" after "she" in "she had loved her horse and would ride"? Can we just say "she loved her horse and would ride"?

  2. Matthew Wai's Avatar
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    #2

    Re: she (had) loved her horse and would ride

    Quote Originally Posted by lagoo View Post
    Firstly, why is there no conjunction before the clause "she had loved her horse and would ride"?
    Because there is the conjunction 'Before' in the first clause.

    Quote Originally Posted by lagoo View Post
    Secondly, why does it use "had" after "she" in "she had loved her horse and would ride"?
    Because she had loved her horse before she had been hard-working.
    I am not a teacher.

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    #3

    Re: she (had) loved her horse and would ride

    Quote Originally Posted by Matthew Wai View Post
    Because there is the conjunction 'Before' in the first clause.


    Because she had loved her horse before she had been hard-working.
    Before she had been hard-working, she had loved her horse------the sentence is quite odd to me.

  4. Matthew Wai's Avatar
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    #4

    Re: she (had) loved her horse and would ride

    Quote Originally Posted by lagoo View Post
    ------
    A long dash should be like this according to https://en.oxforddictionaries.com/wo...sh-and-em-dash.
    I am not a teacher.

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    #5

    Re: she (had) loved her horse and would ride

    Quote Originally Posted by lagoo View Post
    why is there no conjunction before the clause "she had loved her horse and would ride"?
    There's no need. I think the sentence is confusing because it's not written clearly. It should be:

    Before, she had been hard-working...

    The Before means before the current situation, not before being hard-working (as it might suggest without the comma in place.)


    Secondly, why does it use "had" after "she" in "she had loved her horse and would ride"? Can we just say "she loved her horse and would ride"?
    Yes, we could. The past perfect is used by the speaker as a way of showing that she's giving some background information about her daughter, in order to make a contrast with the current situation.

    Note -- I use 'current situation' to refer to the dreadful situation being described in the text. It's technically in the past.

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