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  1. Newbie
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    #1

    Using 'are' in future context

    I have read in a blog that quoted, "If you started working at 20 and saved $1000 every month, by the time you are 30, you will have saved a lot of money."

    Why not, "If you started working at 20 and saved $1000 every month, by the time you were 30, you would save a lot of money."

    I have read the same thing in a lot of reputable blogs - How to have a house by the time you are 35.

    Two questions.

    1. I thought we used 'are' to describe present. Why is it being used in future context?
    2. Isn't the first sentence 2nd conditional? Shouldn't we have would as the 'other part' of the conditional sentence.

  2. jutfrank's Avatar
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    #2

    Re: Using 'are' in future context

    Quote Originally Posted by EnglishLearner007 View Post
    2. Isn't the first sentence 2nd conditional? Shouldn't we have would as the 'other part' of the conditional sentence.
    The sentence begins as a 2nd conditional type, then shifts to a 1st conditional type. I doubt that this was fully intentional. The sentence could have ended ...by the time you were 30, you would have saved...

    1. I thought we used 'are' to describe present.
    Not necessarily. After certain future time markers (when/as soon as/by the time, etc.) we tend to use present tense verbs.

    Why is it being used in future context?
    I'd say that it's not really being used to refer to future time, but rather to an imagined result of a hypothetical situation.

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