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  1. Senior Member
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    #1

    she cannot breathe and has to be put on...

    Are both sentences below correct? If they are correct, do they mean different things?

    (A) The child cannot breathe by herself and has to be put on a respirator.

    (B) The child cannot breathe by herself and has had to be put on a respirator.

    Thank you!

  2. Moderator
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    #2

    Re: she cannot breathe and has to be put on...

    As you were asked in your 'snowing continuously' thread, but failed to answer, where did you find this question?

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    #3

    Re: she cannot breathe and has to be put on...

    They are both correct and they mean different things. The first uses present simple and the second uses present perfect. The difference in meaning comes from the different uses of these two aspects.

    She has to be put on a respirator.

    This is a simple fact, which is a result of her not being able to breathe well enough. There is nothing here grammatically that tells us anything about the action being in the past, present or future. However, we can imagine, from the context, and from our experience of the world, that it means something like every two hours, or possibly as soon as possible, or at all times. In any case, the grammar itself (the simple aspect of the verb) does not signal when.

    She has had to be put on a respirator.

    We know from the grammar that the action has happened. She was put on a respirator as a consequence of not being able to breathe well enough. We do not know exactly when this happened, of course, but we know that it was in the past. The grammar (the perfect aspect) tells us the action is completed. We do not need to experience of the world to know this.

  4. Senior Member
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    #4

    Re: she cannot breathe and has to be put on...

    Quote Originally Posted by Rover_KE View Post
    As you were asked in your 'snowing continuously' thread, but failed to answer
    Oh so sorry, I must have missed out on that. I'll go look it up. I don't mean to not answer.

  5. emsr2d2's Avatar
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    #5

    Re: she cannot breathe and has to be put on...

    Quote Originally Posted by Oceanlike View Post
    Oh, I'm so sorry. I must have missed out on that. I'll go (and) look it up. I don't didn't mean to not answer.
    See above.
    Remember - if you don't use correct capitalisation, punctuation and spacing, anything you write will be incorrect.

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