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  1. Senior Member
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    #1

    had to vs must have been

    Hi,

    http://www.ldoceonline.com/dictionary/have#have__49

    had to: used to say that you are sure that something will happen or something is true.

    No one else could have done it it had to be Neville.

    Question 1: I cannot understand what 'had to' in that sentence means. Is it the same in meaning as 'It must have been Neville'?

    Question 2: If they are the same, so what's the difference between 'had to' and 'have to have done' when we want to express certainty.

    No one else could have done it it had to be Neville.
    No one else could have done it it have to have been Neville.

    I really feel confused.

    Thanks.

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    #2

    Re: had to vs must have been

    Quote Originally Posted by ademoglu View Post
    http://www.ldoceonline.com/dictionary/have#have__49

    had to: used to say that you are sure that something will happen or something is true.

    No one else could have done it – it had to be Neville.

    Question 1: I cannot understand what 'had to' in that sentence means. Is it the same in meaning as 'It must have been Neville'?

    Question 2: If they are the same, so what's the difference between 'had to' and 'have to have done' when we want to express certainty.

    No one else could have done it – it had to be Neville.
    No one else could have done it – it have has to have been Neville.
    Either is possible. Either version is equivalent to "must have been" here.
    I am not a teacher.

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