Page 1 of 3 1 2 3 Last
Results 1 to 10 of 25
  1. ambitious-girl's Avatar
    Member
    Student or Learner
    • Member Info
      • Native Language:
      • Persian
      • Home Country:
      • Iran
      • Current Location:
      • Iran

    • Join Date: Apr 2017
    • Posts: 499
    #1

    therefore reducing emissions.

    Hi,

    I can't understand why the writer used -ing form of verb here:

    "They could also impose ‘green taxes’ on drivers and airline companies. In this way, people would be encouraged to use public transport and (they would be encourage) to take fewer flights abroad, therefore reducing emissions."

    Thanks.

  2. VIP Member
    Interested in Language
    • Member Info
      • Native Language:
      • American English
      • Home Country:
      • United States
      • Current Location:
      • United States

    • Join Date: Dec 2015
    • Posts: 12,339
    #2

    Re: therefore reducing emissions.

    People would drive and fly less, which would reduce emissions. "Thereby reducing emissions" means "leading to reduced emissions."
    I am not a teacher.

  3. Senior Member
    Interested in Language
    • Member Info
      • Native Language:
      • English
      • Home Country:
      • United States
      • Current Location:
      • United States

    • Join Date: Apr 2017
    • Posts: 1,328
    #3

    Re: therefore reducing emissions.

    Quote Originally Posted by ambitious-girl View Post
    Hi,

    I can't understand why the writer used -ing form of verb here:

    "They could also impose ‘green taxes’ on drivers and airline companies. In this way, people would be encouraged to use public transport and (they would be encourage) to take fewer flights abroad, therefore reducing emissions."

    Thanks.
    I'm not sure if I understand your question "why". Do you have a better suggestion for the verb there?

  4. ambitious-girl's Avatar
    Member
    Student or Learner
    • Member Info
      • Native Language:
      • Persian
      • Home Country:
      • Iran
      • Current Location:
      • Iran

    • Join Date: Apr 2017
    • Posts: 499
    #4

    Re: therefore reducing emissions.

    Quote Originally Posted by RobertJ View Post
    Because it fits perfectly, a-g. What would you suggest?
    I know that 'therefore', 'however', 'hence', 'nevertheless', .. are conjunctive adverbs. They have to connects two independent clauses.
    I always think those adverbs can only be used within a clause as the following:

    For example:
    We were unable to get funding; therefore we had to abandon the project.
    We were unable to get funding. Therefore we had to abandon the project.
    We were unable to get funding. We, therefore, had to abandon the project.
    I no longer have the support of the committee. I have therefore decided to resign.

    I don't know we can also use the following, too:

    We were unable to get funding, and therefore had to abandon the project.
    The new boots are lighter and softer, and therefore more comfortable to wear.


    Last edited by ambitious-girl; 24-May-2017 at 06:21.

  5. ambitious-girl's Avatar
    Member
    Student or Learner
    • Member Info
      • Native Language:
      • Persian
      • Home Country:
      • Iran
      • Current Location:
      • Iran

    • Join Date: Apr 2017
    • Posts: 499
    #5

    Re: therefore reducing emissions.

    Quote Originally Posted by ambitious-girl View Post
    I know that 'therefore', 'however', 'hence', 'nevertheless', .. are conjunctive adverbs. They have to connects two independent clauses.
    I always think those adverbs can only be used within a clause as the following:

    For example:
    We were unable to get funding; therefore we had to abandon the project.
    We were unable to get funding. Therefore we had to abandon the project.
    We were unable to get funding. We, therefore, had to abandon the project.
    I no longer have the support of the committee. I have therefore decided to resign.

    I don't know we can also use the following, too:

    We were unable to get funding, and therefore had to abandon the project.
    The new boots are lighter and softer, and therefore more comfortable to wear.


    In this way, people would be encouraged to use public transport and (they would be encourage) to take fewer flights abroad, therefore reducing emissions."
    I am still confused why we use 'ing' form after adverbs, because we always use 'ing' form after prepositions not adverbs.

  6. ambitious-girl's Avatar
    Member
    Student or Learner
    • Member Info
      • Native Language:
      • Persian
      • Home Country:
      • Iran
      • Current Location:
      • Iran

    • Join Date: Apr 2017
    • Posts: 499
    #6

    Re: therefore reducing emissions.

    Quote Originally Posted by andrewg927 View Post
    You got it right.
    In this way, people would be encouraged to use public transport and (they would be encourage) to take fewer flights abroad, therefore reducing emissions."
    I am still confused why we use 'ing' form after adverbs, because we always use 'ing' form after prepositions not adverbs.

  7. Senior Member
    Interested in Language
    • Member Info
      • Native Language:
      • English
      • Home Country:
      • United States
      • Current Location:
      • United States

    • Join Date: Apr 2017
    • Posts: 1,328
    #7

    Re: therefore reducing emissions.

    Quote Originally Posted by ambitious-girl View Post
    I am still confused why we use 'ing' form after adverbs, because we always use 'ing' form after prepositions not adverbs.
    Here are a few examples we use the "ing" form following an adverb:

    She is always giving to charities.
    She
    is anxiously waiting for the exam.
    He is gladly accepting their present.

    We do NOT always use "ing" after a preposition. E.g. I'm going to work. (to is a preposition but we don't use the "ing" here).

  8. ambitious-girl's Avatar
    Member
    Student or Learner
    • Member Info
      • Native Language:
      • Persian
      • Home Country:
      • Iran
      • Current Location:
      • Iran

    • Join Date: Apr 2017
    • Posts: 499
    #8

    Re: therefore reducing emissions.

    Quote Originally Posted by andrewg927 View Post
    Here are a few examples we use the "ing" form following an adverb:

    She is always giving to charities.
    She
    is anxiously waiting for the exam.
    He is gladly accepting their present.
    In your examples above, you have subject + verb + ing . However, in my example, we only have 'ing' form and there is not any subject .

  9. ambitious-girl's Avatar
    Member
    Student or Learner
    • Member Info
      • Native Language:
      • Persian
      • Home Country:
      • Iran
      • Current Location:
      • Iran

    • Join Date: Apr 2017
    • Posts: 499
    #9

    Re: therefore reducing emissions.

    Quote Originally Posted by andrewg927 View Post
    I'm not sure if I understand your question "why". Do you have a better suggestion for the verb there?
    YES.
    "They could also impose ‘green taxes’ on drivers and airline companies. In this way, people would be encouraged to use public transport and (they would be encourage) to take fewer flights abroad, therefore the emissions would probably be reduced."

  10. Senior Member
    Interested in Language
    • Member Info
      • Native Language:
      • English
      • Home Country:
      • United States
      • Current Location:
      • United States

    • Join Date: Apr 2017
    • Posts: 1,328
    #10

    Re: therefore reducing emissions.

    Quote Originally Posted by ambitious-girl View Post
    YES.
    "They could also impose ‘green taxes’ on drivers and airline companies. In this way, people would be encouraged to use public transport and (they would be encourage) to take fewer flights abroad, therefore the emissions would probably be reduced."
    Good suggestion! Except make the phrase a sentence. "....fewer flights abroad. Therefore the emissions would probably be reduced."

Page 1 of 3 1 2 3 Last

Similar Threads

  1. greenhouse gas emissions?
    By ema111 in forum Ask a Teacher
    Replies: 0
    Last Post: 03-Aug-2014, 17:47
  2. Methane emissions
    By sebasttian in forum Ask a Teacher
    Replies: 1
    Last Post: 16-Jan-2014, 08:59
  3. Air Emissions Benefits
    By kendara in forum Ask a Teacher
    Replies: 2
    Last Post: 08-Nov-2009, 15:45
  4. Replies: 1
    Last Post: 21-Apr-2007, 08:33

Bookmarks

Posting Permissions

  • You may not post new threads
  • You may not post replies
  • You may not post attachments
  • You may not edit your posts
  •