here is an example : at 12:00 i dropped something , at 12:01 i can't find soemthing .
dose 12.00 mean a past period? so , i can use " I lost my key".
but the correct way to saying it is " i have lost my key".
do somebody know why? i am very confuse about the word "past" in english, what it mean "past"?
when should it mean "past" ??
Last edited by endeavor6636; 22-Jul-2006 at 09:01.
Yes, past time, even 1 minute, can call for past tense. We use past tense when we wish to indicate that the event is completely finished and behind us.
Present perfect also talks about past time, but the event is still in some way connected or related to the present time.
Often you can choose either form. In your sentences, both are OK:
I lost my key! (It is gone.)
I've lost my key! (and I don't know what to do)
They both express past events. The event occurring only one minute into the past may encourage a speaker to use present perfect form, but it is not necessary; past tense is OK too.