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    • Join Date: Jul 2006
    • Posts: 6
    #1

    This vs It

    I've been studying English for quite a long time and probably forget the rule when to use "this" or "it". Should be something easy like "this vs that" - but I can't remember nor find any clues googling or searching this site.

    The questiong is - when should I use "this" or "it" in the sentences like this:

    "I'll figure this/it out"
    "It/This is not the case"
    "Something is wrong with this/it"

    Thank you.

  1. Mister Micawber's Avatar
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    #2

    Re: This vs It

    .
    I'm not sure there is a neat rule. Use this, at least, for first mention: Look! This (not it) is my new hat.
    Also, this, being deictic, draws attention to something in space; however, it is a pronoun, which must refer to some contextual referent. On the other hand, the referrent for it needn't be nearby; what this indicates must be at hand in some sense.

    As far as your sentences go, they are all potentially correct, but it must refer to something already discussed in some way and this must be in the neighborhood:

    I'll figure this out (holding up a Rubik's cube)
    I don't know her age, but I'll figure it out.

    She said I'm drunk, but it/this is not the case.

    Something is wrong with this. (holding up a broken corkscrew)
    Why don't you use your Swiss Army knife?-- I've lost it.
    .


    • Join Date: Jul 2006
    • Posts: 6
    #3

    Re: This vs It

    Very good and simple explanation.

    Thank you, Mister Micawber.

  2. sheena55ro
    Guest
    #4

    Re: This vs It

    Quote Originally Posted by Smiling
    I've been studying English for quite a long time and probably forget the rule when to use "this" or "it". Should be something easy like "this vs that" - but I can't remember nor find any clues googling or searching this site.
    The questiong is - when should I use "this" or "it" in the sentences like this:
    "I'll figure this/it out"
    "It/This is not the case"
    "Something is wrong with this/it"
    Thank you.

    Mr.Micawber stated very well the difference between the two pronouns . I can only add that:

    "This" is a demonstrative pronoun :
    e.g. This is my book.
    Its plural form is "these"
    e.g.These are my books.
    "This" can also be used as a demonstartive adjective : This book is mine

    "It" is an impersonal pronoun. It is used with:

    a] distance expressions :It is 5 miles from here.
    b] time expressions :It is 4 o`clock p.m.
    c] identification : It is Peter who took the book.

    Regards,

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