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  1. #1
    hhtt21 is offline Key Member
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    linearization techniques often involve calculus

    "Linearization techniques often involve calculus."

    Context is about mathematics.

    https://books.google.com.tr/books?id...lculus&f=false

    I cannot understand the meaning of involve used in the sentence. Does it mean contain or require? Both contain and require can well fit instead of involve
    there.

    Thank you.

  2. #2
    GoesStation is offline Moderator
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    Re: linearization techniques often involve calculus

    Contain isn't possible. Require would work in place of involve with a similar meaning. This definition for "involve" works in this context: include (something) as a necessary part.

    Write The context is mathematics.
    I am not a teacher.

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    hhtt21 is offline Key Member
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    Re: linearization techniques often involve calculus

    Quote Originally Posted by GoesStation View Post
    Contain isn't possible. Require would work in place of involve with a similar meaning. This definition for "involve" works in this context: include (something) as a necessary part.

    Write The context is mathematics.

    But are not include and contain the same things?

    Thank you.

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    GoesStation is offline Moderator
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    Re: linearization techniques often involve calculus

    Quote Originally Posted by hhtt21 View Post
    But are not include and contain the same things?
    You really need to rely more on reading and less on dictionaries. While include can sometimes replace contain and vice versa, they are not perfect synonyms. Few pairs of words are.

    The definition of "involve" that I cited says "include (something) as a necessary part." That means it might be possible to replace "often involve calculus" with "often include calculus as a necessary part." You can't jump from there to the conclusion that "include" and "contain" mean exactly the same thing.
    Last edited by GoesStation; 09-Jun-2017 at 01:32.
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  5. #5
    hhtt21 is offline Key Member
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    Re: linearization techniques often involve calculus

    Quote Originally Posted by GoesStation View Post
    You really need to rely more on reading and less on dictionaries. While include can sometimes replace contain and vice versa, they are not perfect synonyms. Few pairs of words are.

    How can you distinguish between them for this example?

    Thank you.

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    GoesStation is offline Moderator
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    Re: linearization techniques often involve calculus

    Contain doesn't have the sense of necessity that require and, to a lesser extent, involve have. It states a passive condition where the other two verbs evoke an active one.
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    hhtt21 is offline Key Member
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    Re: linearization techniques often involve calculus

    Quote Originally Posted by GoesStation View Post
    Contain doesn't have the sense of necessity that require and, to a lesser extent, involve have. It states a passive condition where the other two verbs evoke an active one.

    But what is the difference between contain and involve? Are not they the same?

    Thank you.

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    GoesStation is offline Moderator
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    Re: linearization techniques often involve calculus

    A barrel passively contains beer; the beer is located in the barrel. The act of brewing actively involves fermentation: the yeast has to digest sugars and produce alcohol.

    Contain has another, active sense: an oil boom actively contains oil to prevent it from spreading.
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  9. #9
    hhtt21 is offline Key Member
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    Re: linearization techniques often involve calculus

    How can you evaluate include and contain from respect of activity/passivity?

    Thank you.

  10. #10
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    jutfrank is offline VIP Member
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    Re: linearization techniques often involve calculus

    Think of contain to mean 'hold within the limits of'. A container has something inside it.

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