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  1. #1
    yi-ing is offline Senior Member
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    It is genes that lies in our personality rather than environment.

    What does lie in mean ? I have searched some dictionaries, but in almost all dictionaries that verb means "to go to bed'.

    It is genes thatlies inour personality rather than environment.
    Life lies in the joy of achievement and the thrill of creative effort.

  2. #2
    emsr2d2's Avatar
    emsr2d2 is offline Moderator
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    Re: It is genes that lies in our personality rather than environment.

    It doesn't use the phrasal verb "lie in" (which means "to remain in bed later than one's normal getting-up time") - it uses the verb "lie" and the preposition in.

    The whole sentence doesn't make any sense:

    1. It starts with "It is genes" (plural noun) so it should be followed by a plural verb.
    2. Without knowing what comes before it, it's impossible to say why it starts with "It is", rather than "They are".
    3. We don't have "genes in our personality" nor in the environment.

    Where did you find this odd sentence and what was being discussed?

    (Edit: The OP must have been editing post #1 while I was typing my response. The second example sentence wasn't there when I replied.)
    Last edited by emsr2d2; 22-Jul-2017 at 12:12.
    Remember - if you don't use correct capitalisation, punctuation and spacing, anything you write will be incorrect.

  3. #3
    yi-ing is offline Senior Member
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    Re: It is genes that lies in our personality rather than environment.

    They were written by myself.
    I want to say that "Genes lie in our personality rather than environment." in the following way:

    They are genes that lie in our personality rather than environment.

  4. #4
    emsr2d2's Avatar
    emsr2d2 is offline Moderator
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    Re: It is genes that lies in our personality rather than environment.

    I still don't understand the concept. Our genes are in our body, in our DNA. They don't exist in our personality or in our environment. Can you explain what you're trying to express in a different way?
    Remember - if you don't use correct capitalisation, punctuation and spacing, anything you write will be incorrect.

  5. #5
    yi-ing is offline Senior Member
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    Re: It is genes that lies in our personality rather than environment.

    I want to say that our traits are determined by genes rather than environment.

  6. #6
    tedmc is offline VIP Member
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    Re: It is genes that lies in our personality rather than environment.

    Quote Originally Posted by yi-ing View Post
    I want to say that our traits are determined by genes rather than environment.
    This is a better way to say it. Or you say: it is our genes (that we inherit from our parents) that determine our personalities, rather than the environment. As a fact, both factors, nature and nurture, contribute to one's personality/traits.
    I am not a teacher or a native speaker.

  7. #7
    emsr2d2's Avatar
    emsr2d2 is offline Moderator
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    Re: It is genes that lies in our personality rather than environment.

    It is our genes, not our environment, that determine our personality.

    You are basically describing the "Nature v Nurture" debate.
    Remember - if you don't use correct capitalisation, punctuation and spacing, anything you write will be incorrect.

  8. #8
    Raymott's Avatar
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    Re: It is genes that lies in our personality rather than environment.

    Quote Originally Posted by yi-ing View Post
    They are genes that lie in our personality rather than environment.
    One problem of this (not the least) is that it could mean, "Our genes determine our personality; they don't determine our environment."

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