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  1. #1
    newkeenlearner's Avatar
    newkeenlearner is offline Senior Member
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    We do not yet know how much of what we are is determined by our DNA

    Are these sentences OK?


    1: We do not yet know how much of what we are is determined by our DNA and how much by our life experience.

    2: We do not yet know how much of what we are is determined by our DNA and by our life experience.

    3: We do not yet know how much of what we are is determined by our DNA and how much of what we are is determined by our life experience.

    4: We do not yet know how much of what we are is determined by our DNA and is determined by our life experience.
    Last edited by newkeenlearner; 23-Jul-2017 at 07:43.

  2. #2
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    Re: We do not yet know how much of what we are is determined by our DNA

    1. is OK, the others are not. In my opinion.
    “Every miserable fool who has nothing at all of which he can be proud, adopts as a last resource pride in the nation to which he belongs; he is ready and happy to defend all its faults and follies tooth and nail, thus reimbursing himself for his own inferiority.”

    — Arthur Schopenhauer

  3. #3
    newkeenlearner's Avatar
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    Re: We do not yet know how much of what we are is determined by our DNA

    Quote Originally Posted by bhaisahab View Post
    1. is OK, the others are not. In my opinion.
    So, in the first sentence, is the phrase " how much of what we are is determined" implied in the sentence?

  4. #4
    Raymott's Avatar
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    Re: We do not yet know how much of what we are is determined by our DNA

    It is explicitly written once. In the second part, "of what we are is determined" is ellipsed out. Yes, it's implied.

  5. #5
    newkeenlearner's Avatar
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    Re: We do not yet know how much of what we are is determined by our DNA

    Quote Originally Posted by Raymott View Post
    It is explicitly written once. In the second part, "of what we are is determined" is ellipsed out. Yes, it's implied.
    Thanks Raymott. Can I ask other sentences are ungrammatical or unnatural?

  6. #6
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    Re: We do not yet know how much of what we are is determined by our DNA

    As bhaisahab has said, the rest aren't good.

    2. means (or could easily mean) "... determined by both our DNA and our life experience".
    3. is strictly correct, but so redundant that no one would consider writing this.
    4. is possible with this insertion: "
    We do not yet know how much of what we are is determined by our DNA and how much by our life experience." This is also redundant, but not enough to prevent its usage if you want to be very clear.
    Last edited by Raymott; 23-Jul-2017 at 23:48. Reason: editing out a phrase in 4.

  7. #7
    Polyester is offline Senior Member
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    Re: We do not yet know how much of what we are is determined by our DNA

    Raymott,
    Do you think 2 and 3 are the same things?

  8. #8
    Raymott's Avatar
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    Re: We do not yet know how much of what we are is determined by our DNA

    Quote Originally Posted by Polyester View Post
    Raymott,
    Do you think 2 and 3 are the same things?
    No.

    Sorry, I forgot to edit 4. completely. It now makes sense.

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