Results 1 to 5 of 5
  1. #1
    subhajit123 is offline Banned
    • Member Info
      • Member Type:
      • Student or Learner
      • Native Language:
      • Hindi
      • Home Country:
      • India
      • Current Location:
      • India
    Join Date
    May 2017
    Posts
    669

    Red face She gave/had given...

    Which one is correct and why?
    1- She gave everyone a present before she left home.
    2- She had given everyone a present before she left home.

  2. #2
    emsr2d2's Avatar
    emsr2d2 is offline Moderator
    • Member Info
      • Member Type:
      • English Teacher
      • Native Language:
      • British English
      • Home Country:
      • UK
      • Current Location:
      • UK
    Join Date
    Jul 2009
    Posts
    61,249

    Re: She gave/had given...

    They're both grammatically correct. Which one you need would depend on the context and the surrounding sentences.
    Remember - if you don't use correct capitalisation, punctuation and spacing, anything you write will be incorrect.

  3. #3
    subhajit123 is offline Banned
    • Member Info
      • Member Type:
      • Student or Learner
      • Native Language:
      • Hindi
      • Home Country:
      • India
      • Current Location:
      • India
    Join Date
    May 2017
    Posts
    669

    Re: She gave/had given...

    Quote Originally Posted by emsr2d2 View Post
    They're both grammatically correct. Which one you need would depend on the context and the surrounding sentences.
    Is simple past tense interchangeable with past perfect tense in this kind of context? Can someone please clear it to me? My grammar book says one should use past perfect tense to show the thing that occurs first. So why is the past perfect tense here not compulsory?

  4. #4
    GoesStation is offline Moderator
    • Member Info
      • Member Type:
      • Interested in Language
      • Native Language:
      • American English
      • Home Country:
      • United States
      • Current Location:
      • United States
    Join Date
    Dec 2015
    Posts
    22,253

    Re: She gave/had given...

    Quote Originally Posted by subhajit123 View Post
    Is simple past tense interchangeable with past perfect tense in this kind of context?
    You haven't provided any context. Put the sentences into a longer dialog and we can comment on which tense is appropriate and why.
    I am not a teacher.

  5. #5
    Phaedrus's Avatar
    Phaedrus is offline Senior Member
    • Member Info
      • Member Type:
      • English Teacher
      • Native Language:
      • English
      • Home Country:
      • United States
      • Current Location:
      • United States
    Join Date
    Jul 2012
    Posts
    1,371

    Re: She gave/had given...

    My grammar book says one should use past perfect tense to show the thing that occurs first. So why is the past perfect tense here not compulsory?
    "Before" in "before she left home" indicates that her giving everyone a present occurred before her leaving home. The past perfect in the main clause would provide a redundant indication of the same thing. If "when" were used instead of "before," the past perfect would be compulsory:

    She had given everyone a present when she left home.

    Otherwise the sentence would indicate that the giving and the leaving occurred simultaneously.

Posting Permissions

  • You may not post new threads
  • You may not post replies
  • You may not post attachments
  • You may not edit your posts
  •