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  1. #1
    ambitious-girl's Avatar
    ambitious-girl is offline Senior Member
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    It is always the basic materials which constitutes the object and which,

    Hello all,

    First, I have to say that I am sorry for making the book untidy and difficult to read.

    Anyway, I have tow questions for you, according to what I have attached.

    First: In paragraph B, line #1, Is the sentence below a cleft-sentence? and are these two sentence equivalent?

    It is always the basic material which constitutes the object and which, in the natural course of things, is worn down and becomes older.

    It is always the basic material which constitutes the object and (it is always the basic materials) which, in the natural course of things, is worn down and becomes older.


    Second: In paragraph C, line #1, Do the second "as" mean "while" or "because"?


    Source: IELTS Cambridge 8, Test 3, Passage 3



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    Last edited by ambitious-girl; 24-Sep-2017 at 12:26. Reason: Fixing what GoesStation stated in post #3
    English is my great passion.

  2. #2
    teechar's Avatar
    teechar is offline Moderator
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    Re: It is always the basic materials which constitutes the object and which,

    Quote Originally Posted by ambitious-girl View Post
    I have tow two questions for you
    Quote Originally Posted by ambitious-girl View Post
    First: In paragraph B, line #1, is the sentence below a cleft-sentence, and are these two sentences equivalent?

    It is always the basic materials which constitutes the object and which, in the natural course of things, is worn down and becomes older.

    It is always the basic materials which constitutes the object and (it is always the basic materials) which, in the natural course of things, is worn down and becomes older.
    Yes, and yes.

    Quote Originally Posted by ambitious-girl View Post
    Second: In paragraph C, line #1, does the second "as" mean "while" or "because"?
    It means because.

  3. #3
    GoesStation is offline Moderator
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    Re: It is always the basic materials which constitutes the object and which,

    The transcription has an agreement error.
    If you correct materials to material, as the original says, you'll fix the error.
    I am not a teacher.

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