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  1. #1
    kadioguy is offline Key Member
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    as conditioned by one's past

    In a dictionary, it says:

    缘分
    yuán fèn
    ① lot or luck by which people are brought together
    ② (Budd.) destiny (luck) as conditioned by one's past
    ------
    Why not it say 'as being conditioned...'?
    Is it a ellipsis?
    Both 'as conditioned' and 'as being conditioned' are acceptable here ?
    I am not a teacher.

  2. #2
    Matthew Wai's Avatar
    Matthew Wai is offline VIP Member
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    Re: as conditioned by one's past

    I think it means 'as it is conditioned', where 'it is' can be omitted.
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  3. #3
    kadioguy is offline Key Member
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    Re: as conditioned by one's past

    Quote Originally Posted by Matthew Wai View Post
    I think it means 'as it is conditioned', where 'it is' can be omitted.
    Does 'as' here mean 'in the way in which' and is it a 'conjunction'?

    http://www.oxfordlearnersdictionarie...n/english/as_3
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  4. #4
    Matthew Wai's Avatar
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    Re: as conditioned by one's past

    'as
    conjunction
    2 in the way that someone says or that something happens, or in the condition something is in.'—quoted from http://www.ldoceonline.com/dictionary/as
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  5. #5
    kadioguy is offline Key Member
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    Re: as conditioned by one's past

    Quote Originally Posted by Matthew Wai View Post
    'as
    conjunction
    2 in the way that someone says or that something happens, or in the condition something is in.'—quoted from http://www.ldoceonline.com/dictionary/as
    So this example sentence:
    'The money was repaid, as promised.' —also quoted from http://www.ldoceonline.com/dictionary/as

    Does it also mean 'The money was repaid, as it is promised'?
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  6. #6
    Matthew Wai's Avatar
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    Re: as conditioned by one's past

    As it had been promised.

    I think you should have posted a link to the dictionary mentioned in post #1.
    Is it 林語堂《當代漢英詞典》?
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  7. #7
    kadioguy is offline Key Member
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    Re: as conditioned by one's past

    Quote Originally Posted by Matthew Wai View Post
    As it had been promised.

    I think you should have posted a link to the dictionary mentioned in post #1.
    Is it 林語堂《當代漢英詞典》?
    It is from here:
    http://chinese_english.enacademic.com/117927
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  8. #8
    kadioguy is offline Key Member
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    as conditioned by the culture

    On the Dictionary.com, it says:

    person
    noun
    Sociology. an individual human being, especially with reference to his or her social relationships and behavioral patterns as conditioned by the culture.
    ----
    If I say:
    1. '...as are conditioned by the culture.'
    2. '...as they are conditioned by the culture.'
    are both acceptable?

    I don't know this construction much.
    Could you please tell me how to use it?
    I am not a teacher.

  9. #9
    emsr2d2's Avatar
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    Re: as conditioned by the culture

    Since they cover very similar phrases, I have merged these two threads.
    Remember - if you don't use correct capitalisation, punctuation and spacing, anything you write will be incorrect.

  10. #10
    kadioguy is offline Key Member
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    Re: as conditioned by the culture

    Quote Originally Posted by kadioguy View Post
    On the Dictionary.com, it says:

    person
    noun
    Sociology. an individual human being, especially with reference to his or her social relationships and behavioral patterns as conditioned by the culture.
    ----
    If I say:
    1. '...as are conditioned by the culture.'
    2. '...as they are conditioned by the culture.'
    are both acceptable?

    I don't know this construction much.
    Could you please tell me how to use it?
    In the Practical English grammar 3rd 177.11, it says:

    Subject pronouns with forms of "be" can be left out after certain conjunctions, especially in a formal style.

    Start when ready. (= ... when you are ready.)
    Phone me if (it is) necessary.
    I'm enclosing my cheque for £50, as agreed.
    -----
    Is it for my question?
    I am not a teacher.

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