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  1. #1
    kadioguy is offline Key Member
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    directed or moving towards the back

    In the OALD, it says:

    backward
    ADJECTIVE

    directed or moving towards the back
    ---------------
    Why not '
    directing or moving towards the back'?
    Why is '
    direct' in the passive voice?
    I am not a teacher.

  2. #2
    GoesStation is offline Moderator
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    Re: directed or moving towards the back

    That isn't a passive voice. It's the adjective directed.
    I am not a teacher.

  3. #3
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    teechar is offline Moderator
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    Re: directed or moving towards the back

    Quote Originally Posted by kadioguy View Post

    Why not '
    directing or moving towards the back'?

    I'd like you to do this exercise which might help you with similar analyses in future:
    Make the following a complete sentence.
    directed or moving towards the back

    I'll answer your questions after you've had a try.

  4. #4
    kadioguy is offline Key Member
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    Re: directed or moving towards the back

    Quote Originally Posted by teechar View Post
    I'd like you to do this exercise which might help you with similar analyses in future:
    Make the following a complete sentence.
    Quote Originally Posted by teechar View Post
    directed or moving towards the back
    The word backward means somebody or something is directed or moving towards the back.
    I am not a teacher.

  5. #5
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    teechar is offline Moderator
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    Re: directed or moving towards the back

    The word backward means somebody or something that is directed or moving towards the back.
    That's right.
    The reason we cannot use "directing" is because "direct" is a transitive verb, so it would need an object. You can certainly use, e.g., "pointing" instead.
    Note that "directed" works because it implies:

    The word backward means somebody or something that is directed by someone/something towards the back.

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