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  1. #1
    moseen is offline Member
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    Taking typical verb dependents and modifiers such as objects and adverbs

    In the sentence below, is the bold part "gerund" or "participle", please?


    When used as a gerund or present participle, the -ing form is a non-finite verb, which behaves like a (finite) verb in that it forms a verb phrase, taking typical verb dependents and modifiers such as objects and adverbs

  2. #2
    Matthew Wai's Avatar
    Matthew Wai is offline VIP Member
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    Re: Taking typical verb dependents and modifiers such as objects and adverbs

    I consider the bold part a participial phrase modifying 'it'.
    I am not a teacher.

  3. #3
    moseen is offline Member
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    Re: Taking typical verb dependents and modifiers such as objects and adverbs

    Quote Originally Posted by Matthew Wai View Post
    I consider the bold part a participial phrase modifying 'it'.
    In your mind, is it adverb and hence it is participle phrase?

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    Matthew Wai's Avatar
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    Re: Taking typical verb dependents and modifiers such as objects and adverbs

    I consider it an adjectival participle phrase.
    I am not a teacher.

  5. #5
    PaulMatthews is offline Senior Member
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    Re: Taking typical verb dependents and modifiers such as objects and adverbs

    Quote Originally Posted by moseen View Post
    In the sentence below, is the bold part "gerund" or "participle", please?


    When used as a gerund or present participle, the -ing form is a non-finite verb, which behaves like a (finite) verb in that it forms a verb phrase, taking typical verb dependents and modifiers such as objects and adverbs

    Traditional grammar analyses this "taking" as a present participle, and thus the entire expression in bold a present participial clause. But a more modern approach taken by one leading grammar is to call ing words like "taking" simply a gerund-participle verb and the clause thus a gerund-participial clause.

    Whatever term is preferred, the clause is a modifier of the NP "verb phrase".

  6. #6
    Matthew Wai's Avatar
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    Re: Taking typical verb dependents and modifiers such as objects and adverbs

    Quote Originally Posted by PaulMatthews View Post
    As said earlier, for most purposes there is really no point in distinguishing gerunds and present participles, hence the term 'gerund-participle' used by some grammarians, or simply '-ing participle' by others. The most important thing is to determine the function of the word in the clause, and its category usually then becomes clear.
    I am not a teacher.

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