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    • Join Date: Jul 2005
    • Posts: 928
    #1

    present perfect

    Hello,

    could you please tell me, whether I should use present perfect in the following sentence:

    The Guarantor declares that this declaration has been executed according to his true and free will, in witness whereof he sets his hand below.

    Thank you very much.

    Hanka


    • Join Date: Aug 2006
    • Posts: 3,059
    #2

    Re: present perfect

    Quote Originally Posted by Hanka View Post
    Hello,
    could you please tell me, whether I should use present perfect in the following sentence:
    The Guarantor declares that this declaration has been executed according to his true and free will, in witness whereof he sets his hand below.
    Thank you very much.
    Hanka
    This is a perfect example showing how we use the present perfect when a past action has importance/current relevance. Of course, Hanka, grammatically, you COULD use the past 'was executed', but it lacks the importance and the formality found within the present perfect.

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