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  1. Junior Member
    Student or Learner
    • Member Info
      • Native Language:
      • Turkish
      • Home Country:
      • Turkey
      • Current Location:
      • Turkey

    • Join Date: May 2019
    • Posts: 60
    #1

    in doing so/by doing so

    What are the meanings of in doing so and by doing so? In some sites, they tell in doing so means "while you are doing that" and by doing so means "as a result of doing this", whereas in some sites they tell they both mean "as a result of doing this" but by doing so indiciates direct cause, whereas in doing so indicates indirect cause. I don't know which one is correct. Could you tell me what do they mean?

  2. Senior Member
    English Teacher
    • Member Info
      • Native Language:
      • English
      • Home Country:
      • United States
      • Current Location:
      • United States

    • Join Date: Sep 2013
    • Posts: 503
    #2

    Re: in doing so/by doing so

    Without checking any "sites", my inference for either would be "as a result of doing something".

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