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  1. Junior Member
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    #1

    Present continous/Present perfect continous

    What is the difference between the sentences? I mean the difference between their meanings.


    No Republican is willing to support the legislation.

    No Republican has been willing to support the legislation.



    I am reading the book.

    I have been reading the book.

  2. jutfrank's Avatar
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    #2

    Re: Present continous/Present perfect continous

    The difference here is the normal difference between the present continuous and the present perfect continuous.

    What do you already know about these two tenses?

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    #3

    Re: Present continous/Present perfect continous

    I've known most of their meanings. But I can't crack the difference when they are used in this sense.

  4. emsr2d2's Avatar
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    #4

    Re: Present continous/Present perfect continous

    What sense? How do you find the sense of those two sentences different from any other sense?
    Remember - if you don't use correct capitalisation, punctuation and spacing, anything you write will be incorrect.

  5. jutfrank's Avatar
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    #5

    Re: Present continous/Present perfect continous

    I do see how the first sentence of the four examples may be confusing you, actually.

    The word willing here should be seen as an adjective and not as a present participle of the verb 'to will'. For that reason, the sentence is not actually present continuous but present simple.

    As for the third and fourth examples, maybe you could apply what you think you know about these tenses by writing a couple of mini-dialogues for us, showing the sentences in use.

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    #6

    Re: Present continous/Present perfect continous

    "I am reading the book"

    When I say this sentence, must it mean that I am reading the book at that moment or can it also mean I started it, keep reading it but just not read at that moment?

  7. emsr2d2's Avatar
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    #7

    Re: Present continous/Present perfect continous

    It can mean you are reading it at the time of speaking or that you have started it but not yet finished it.
    Remember - if you don't use correct capitalisation, punctuation and spacing, anything you write will be incorrect.

  8. jutfrank's Avatar
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    #8

    Re: Present continous/Present perfect continous

    Quote Originally Posted by ringu20 View Post
    "I am reading the book"

    When I say this sentence, must it mean that I am reading the book at that moment or can it also mean I started it, keep reading it but just not read at that moment?
    Yes, exactly. It can have both meanings.

  9. Junior Member
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    #9

    Re: Present continous/Present perfect continous

    Quote Originally Posted by jutfrank View Post
    Yes, exactly. It can have both meanings.
    Doesn't present perfect continous also have the second meaning I've mentioned?

  10. jutfrank's Avatar
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    #10

    Re: Present continous/Present perfect continous

    Quote Originally Posted by ringu20 View Post
    Doesn't present perfect continous also have the second meaning I've mentioned?
    No.

    With the present perfect continuous, the period of time in which you wish to set the activity of reading is presented as completed at the moment of speaking. This suggests a focus on the past, but not the future. We know something about your past activity only. You may wish to continue reading the book in the future, but if there is such an intention, you are not making it known from saying this particular sentence.

    With the present continuous, the period of time in which you wish to set the activity of reading is presented as ongoing (not completed) at the moment of speaking. This suggests a focus on both the past and the future. You are suggesting that you wish to do more reading of the book in the future. In other words, you are making it clear with this sentence that you are not finished with the book.

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