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  1. tahasozgen's Avatar
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    #1

    I have a hundred a year in my own right, besides the little that I make by the machin

    Hi There;
    I am reading a book "The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes" written by Arthur Conan Doyle. The book comprises of short stories featuring the consulting detective Sherlock Holmes. In a story, a woman named Miss Mary Sutherland comes to Sherlock Holmes and wants to resolve an issue. The sentences in bold hasn't been understood:

    “Never mind,” said Holmes, laughing; “it is my business to know things. Perhaps I have trained myself to see what others overlook. If not, why should you come to consult me?”

    “I came to you, sir, because I heard of you from Mrs. Etherege, whose husband you found so easy when the police and everyone had given him up for dead. Oh, Mr. Holmes, I wish you would do as much for me. I’m not rich, but still I have a hundred a year in my own right, besides the little that I make by the machine, and I would give it all to know what has become of Mr. Hosmer Angel.” (1)

    “Why did you come away to consult me in such a hurry?” asked Sherlock Holmes, with his finger-tips together and his eyes to the ceiling. Again a startled look came over the somewhat vacuous face of Miss Mary Sutherland. “Yes, I did bang out of the house,”(2) she said, “for it made me angry to see the easy way in which Mr. Windibank—that is, my father—took it all. He would not go to the police, and he would not go to you, and so at last, as he would do nothing and kept on saying that there was no harm done (3), it made me mad, and I just on with my things and came right away to you.”

    “Your father,” said Holmes, “your stepfather, surely, since the name is different.”

    “Yes, my stepfather. I call him father, though it sounds funny, too, for he is only five years and two months older than myself.”

    “And your mother is alive?”

    “Oh, yes, mother is alive and well.I wasn ’t best pleased, Mr. Holmes, when she married again so soon after father ’s death, and a man who was nearly fifteen years younger than herself. Father was a plumber in the Tottenham Court Road, and he left a tidy business behind him, which mother carried on with Mr. Hardy, the foreman; but when Mr. Windibank came he made her sell the business, for he was very superior, being a traveller in wines. They got 4700 for the goodwill and interest, which wasn ’t near as much as father could have got if he had been alive. ” (4)

    As far as I understand, there is a family affair related to Miss Mary Sutherland.

    In the bold sentence 1, she says :

    I ’m not rich, but still I have a hundred a year in my own right, besides the little that I make by the machine, and I would give it all to know what has become of Mr. Hosmer Angel. ” (1)

    what is a hundred a year in her right? In addition, what is the thing that she made by the machine? What is the machine in his context? what is the meaning of the "I would give it all to know what has become of Mr. Hosmer Angel." I cannot find them in dictionary.

    In the bold sentence 2: "Yes, I did bang out of the house, ”
    Is "bang out" means: "to play a tune on the piano very loudly and not very well"? [https://www.macmillandictionary.com/...tish/bang-out]

    In the bold sentence 3:
    He would not go to the police, and he would not go to you, and so at last, as he would do nothing and kept on saying that there was no harm done (3)

    What is the meaning of would here? Is it "(expressing the conditional mood) indicating the consequence of an imagined event or situation." or "Expressing a polite request." [https://www.lexico.com/definition/would]

    In the bold sentence 4:
    which mother carried on with Mr. Hardy, the foreman; but when Mr. Windibank came he made her sell the business, for he was very superior, being a traveller in wines. They got 4700 for the goodwill and interest, which wasn ’t near as much as father could have got if he had been alive. ”

    I cannot understand these sentences. Where is a mother, married with a boy that fifteen years younger than herself. And there is a Mr Hardy, which were carried on by the mother. when Mr. Windibank (the father) came he made her sell the business. Does it mean that Mr Windibank used force to sell the Mr Hardy to sell business?

    In the sentence, there is a verb "carried on by". Does it mean "to continue doing something" or "if two people are carrying on, they are having a sexual relationship that you do not approve of"? [https://www.macmillandictionary.com/...carry-on_1__5]

    "being a traveller in wines" What does it mean?

    "They got 4700 for the goodwill and interest" What the word "they" refers to in this sentence?

    Thanks in advance.
    I am not a teacher.

  2. teechar's Avatar
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    #2

    Re: I have a hundred a year in my own right, besides the little that I make by the ma

    Hi tahasozgen,
    Your post is needlessly long and so is unlikely to attract responses; you should have split it into three/four different ones.
    Start a new thread for each question and only include the paragraph containing the bolded sentence. I think there should be enough context there.
    I am closing this thread for now.
    Last edited by teechar; 15-Feb-2020 at 13:48.

  3. Moderator
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    #3

    Re: I have a hundred a year in my own right, besides the little that I make by the ma

    That's an awful lot of questions for a single post. Next time, please ask only one per post.

    I have a hundred a year in my own right means she receives 100 per year in interest and dividends from her investments. The little that I make by the machine refers to a bit of additional income from operating a machine which I'd guess is a typewriter or a sewing machine. At that time, a hundred pounds a year was enough for a single person to live comfortably but without extravagance.

    The rest of the questions should be in separate posts, but I'll answer one more here. It was the "tidy business" which her mother "carried on with Mr. Hardy". That just means she and Mr. Hardy continued to run the business.

    [EDIT] My fellow moderator closed this thread while I was writing this post. Having spent a few minutes writing it, I'll leave my reply here.
    I am not a teacher.

  4. emsr2d2's Avatar
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    #4

    Re: I have a hundred a year in my own right, besides the little that I make by the ma

    I've reopened the thread as GoesStation took the time to reply, in case the OP wants to ask a follow-up question about that specific section only.
    Remember - if you don't use correct capitalisation, punctuation and spacing, anything you write will be incorrect.

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