I wouldn't put a comma there.
Student or Learner
Do I need a comma right after the word California in the sentence below? Thanks for your help.
- The company operates two offices in San Francisco, Califonia, and three offices in Hong Kong.
May I get a second opinion? Thanks very much.
When I was about 10, I had a big disagreement with my English teacher at school over whether you should use a comma before 'and' in the final part of a list. He said you shouldn't, and I said you PAUSE there. I still think I was right even now, and I'm a stubborn so-and-so .
So, I think you know my argument as to why I think a comma is necessary after 'California' .
The Oxford comma has been the subject of a lot of debate. Many people passionately defend it, many others passionately object to it.
Logically, it should not be required most of the time. We do not, as has been mentioned, use it in a list of two items, so why use it in a list of more than two?
However, the Oxford comma is most definitely appropriate where one of the items -- especially the last or penultimate -- contains the word "and". Consider this:
Several firms were involved: Smith, Jones, Fosdyke and Goldberg and Clitheroe.
How are we to interpret "Fosdyke and Goldberg and Clitheroe"? Here are two interpretations -- note how the comma changes things:
Several firms were involved: Smith, Jones, Fosdyke, and Goldberg and Clitheroe.
Several firms were involved: Smith, Jones, Fosdyke and Goldberg, and Clitheroe.
If the last or the penultimate item contains the word "and", the Oxford comma is a must. Otherwise it is optional, regardless of how you personally would pronounce it.
Thank you all for the good information and kind advice. But honestly, my intent of asking the question was simply trying to confirm or learn whether I need to put a comma after a city and/or a state, as shown in my sentence, and I wasn't really thinking about a list of two, three or four items, much less Oxford comma, which I had not even heard before.
In any case, I appreciate the great help from all of you.