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    • Join Date: Oct 2006
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    #1

    in which, to which, at which..all about which..

    could anyone explain me how to use these properly ? i know sometimes in which is equivalent to where, when.. but actually i have no idea..

    thanks in advance!

  1. rewboss's Avatar

    • Join Date: Feb 2006
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    #2

    Re: in which, to which, at which..all about which..

    Take these two sentences:

    This is the house. Jack built it.

    Now, if we wrote English like that all the time, it would sound like a book for very young children who are learning to read. We can combine these sentences using a relative clause:

    This is the which Jack built.

    OK, that's easy enough: but how do we combine these two sentences?

    This is the house. Jack lives in it.

    We can't simply say: "This is the house which Jack lives." It doesn't make sense -- we need to fit in the sense of "in". That little preposition mustn't be allowed to disappear.

    There are two ways of doing this: the traditionalist and the modern. The modern way is just to leave "in" at the end of the sentence, like this:

    This is the house which Jack lives in.

    We don't need "it" any more, because that is included in the relative pronoun "which". But many people object that putting a preposition at the end of a sentence like this is wrong, so for formal English you're better off using the traditionalist approach, which is to put the preposition in front of the relative pronoun, like this:

    This is the house in which Jack lives.

    So no, "in which" is not an equivalent to "which". You can do the same with many other prepositions, e.g.:

    This is the school. Jack goes to it.
    -> This is the school to which Jack goes.

    This is the disco. Jack met his girlfriend at it.
    -> This is the disco at which Jack met his girlfriend.

    This is the house. There is a long nursery-rhyme about it.
    -> This is the house about which there is a long nursery-rhyme.


    • Join Date: Oct 2006
    • Posts: 4
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    #3

    Re: in which, to which, at which..all about which..

    Thank you, i think i got it. But i'd love to know more about the actual meaning for in which.. etc

    maybe what i need is just some more examples! :)

    thanks

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