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Thread: accustomed to

  1. Key Member
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    #1

    accustomed to

    1) He is accustomed to work hard.
    2) He is accustomed to working hard.

    Are both correct?
    Is there a difference between the meanings?

    Gratefully,
    Navi

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    #2

    Re: accustomed to

    Number two is correct. Number one isn't.

    You could say He's accustomed to hard work.
    I am not a teacher.

  3. Phaedrus's Avatar
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    #3

    Re: accustomed to

    Quote Originally Posted by GoesStation View Post
    Number two is correct. Number one isn't.
    What's wrong with (1)? "BE accustomed to" can be followed by the base form of a verb or its -ing form.

  4. Tarheel's Avatar
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    #4

    Re: accustomed to

    I don't see using the first one.
    Not a professional teacher

  5. Phaedrus's Avatar
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    #5

    Re: accustomed to

    (1a) He is accustomed to work hard in the morning, so that is not a good time to call him to visit.
    (2a) He is accustomed to working hard in the morning, so he will probably be OK with the early shift.

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    #6

    Re: accustomed to

    Quote Originally Posted by Phaedrus View Post
    (1a) He is accustomed to work hard in the morning, so that is not a good time to call him to visit.
    (2a) He is accustomed to working hard in the morning, so he will probably be OK with the early shift.
    1a doesn’t work for me at all. It just looks wrong.
    I am not a teacher.

  7. Phaedrus's Avatar
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    #7

    Re: accustomed to

    Quote Originally Posted by GoesStation View Post
    1a doesn’t work for me at all. It just looks wrong.
    It means that he works hard in the morning (it is his custom to work hard in the morning), so that is not a good time to call him to visit.

    It isn't about comfort level, as the pattern in (2) and (2a) is.

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    #8

    Re: accustomed to

    Quote Originally Posted by Phaedrus View Post
    (1a) He is accustomed to work hard in the morning, so that is not a good time to call him to visit.
    (2a) He is accustomed to working hard in the morning, so he will probably be OK with the early shift.
    Hmm. I've never considered this distinction before.

    Do you have examples of use of (1a)? (I'm sure you can find some beauties. )

  9. emsr2d2's Avatar
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    #9

    Re: accustomed to

    "to be accustomed to" + base form of verb doesn't work for me at all. It's the same for "to be used to". It's followed by a noun or by the -ing form of a verb.

    I'm accustomed to working.
    I'm used to working.
    I'm accustomed/used to work. (This is correct only because "work" is a noun in this sentence.)

    I'm accustomed to being too hot all the time.
    I'm used to being too hot all the time.
    I'm accustomed to be too hot all the time.
    I'm used to be too hot all the time.

    She's accustomed to eating spicy food.
    She's used to eating spicy food.
    She's accustomed to eat spicy food.
    She's used to eat spicy food.
    She's accustomed to spicy food. ("spicy food" is a noun preceded by an adjective)
    She's used to spicy food. ("spicy food" is a noun preceded by an adjective)
    Remember - if you don't use correct capitalisation, punctuation and spacing, anything you write will be incorrect.

  10. Phaedrus's Avatar
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    #10

    Re: accustomed to

    Quote Originally Posted by emsr2d2 View Post
    "to be accustomed to" + base form of verb doesn't work for me at all.
    I hate to be the bearer of bad news, but it does work for Michael Swan (2005), Quirk et al. (1985), and Huddleston and Pullum (2002).

    "11 attempt, intend, continue, can't bear, be accustomed to, be committed to

    "After these words and expressions we can generally use either an -ing form or an infintive without much difference of meaning.

    I'm not accustomed to giving/give personal information about myself to strangers." [p. 277]

    - Swan, M. (2005). Practical English usage (3rd ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    "16.79 [E5(iv)] Bob is hesitant to agree with you

    . . . In addition to modal and volitional adjectives, some adjectives of aspectual meaning, such as accustomed and wont may be placed here:

    We are accustomed to take tea on the terrace. <formal>" [pp. 1228-1229]

    - Quirk, R., Greenbaum, S., Leech, G, & Svartvik, J. (1985). A comprehensive grammar of the English language. Longman.
    "Some license more than one type of complement: accustomed, for example, licenses an infinitival as well as a to PP" (p. 559).

    - Huddleston, R., & Pullum, G. (2002). The Cambridge grammar of the English language. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    Please let me know if you'd like to see endorsements from other grammars or corpus evidence in all tenses on both sides of the pond.

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