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  1. Key Member
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    #1

    first appeared/appeares

    a. The disease first appeared in the late 1970s.

    b. This new technology first appears in Europe in the early 20th century.

    https://learnersdictionary.com/definition/appear
    --------

    "Appear" in (a) is in the past simple and in (b) is in the present simple. Could you tell me why?

    It seems natural to me that "first appear" means "something happened for the first time in the past". So I can't think of why it can be used in the present simple as in (b).

    What different effects exist between them?

    Another example:

    c. Daniel "Doc" Anthony Torrance is a fictional character that first appears in the 1977 novel The Shining by Stephen King as a child with psychic powers called "the shining".

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Danny_Torrance
    Last edited by kadioguy; 03-Jul-2020 at 16:07.
    I am not a teacher. If there is anything ungrammatical in my post, please correct it. I am grateful for your help.

  2. tzfujimino's Avatar
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    #2

    Re: first appeared/appeares

    Have you ever heard "historical present"?

    https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Historical_present

  3. Key Member
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    #3

    Re: first appeared/appeares

    Quote Originally Posted by tzfujimino View Post
    Have you ever heard "historical present"?

    https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Historical_present
    Yes, members told me about that.

    Do you mean that "historical present" can be the answer to why (b) and (c) are in the present simple?
    Last edited by kadioguy; 03-Jul-2020 at 18:07. Reason: fixed a typo
    I am not a teacher. If there is anything ungrammatical in my post, please correct it. I am grateful for your help.

  4. Moderator
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    #4

    Re: first appeared/appeares

    Yes. It's also called the narrative present because it's used in narratives.
    I am not a teacher.

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