Source : Korean SAT English 2021 by Korean Education Broadcasting System - 187p.7

Like the downtown office complex, tourism has frequently developed as islands of renewal in seas of decay. The strategy of carving out sharply demarcated and defended zones for middle-class consumers of entertainment and leisure came naturally to older cities confronted with problems of crime, poverty, and physical neglect. Creating a “tourist bubble” was tempting — some might say necessary — as a way not only of securing a space for development, but for achieving an efficient application of scarce resources. In a hostile environment, zones of demarcation can solve seemingly insolvable problems of image and social control. Tourists who visit converted cities are unlikely to see the city of decline at all, except on their way from an airport. For tourists, the city can be reduced to a simulacrum, a set piece representing the city in its entirety. Thus, reduced to Harborplace or the Renaissance Center and Greektown, both Baltimore and Detroit can be presented as gleaming new places to play. *


  • This question and answer are made by me to practice for expected essay questions in my students’ finals.


Q : What does "tourist bubble" mean?

A : It is a simulacrum, a set piece representing the city in its entirety.

If you find the answer incorrect, please correct it.