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Thread: Hard/Hardly

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    #1

    Hard/Hardly

    I know that the meaning of the adverb hardly are - a)Scarcely , b) In a hard manner/harshly, c) With difficulty etc. Please consider the following sentences:

    1) He hardly works. (Scarcely)

    2) The rule worked hardly. (With severity)

    3) The husbandman lives hardly. (With hardship)

    In the above-mentioned sentences, except in the sense of 'scarcely', can I use the adverb 'hard' instead of 'hardly'?

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    #2

    Re: Hard/Hardly

    Neither hardly nor hard works in 2 or 3.
    I am not a teacher.

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    #3

    Re: Hard/Hardly

    Quote Originally Posted by GoesStation View Post
    Neither hardly nor hard works in 2 or 3.
    Then, how can the sentences be written?

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    #4

    Re: Hard/Hardly

    Quote Originally Posted by Barman View Post
    I know that the meanings of the adverb hardly are - a)Scarcely

    Yes.

    b) In a hard manner/harshly,

    No.

    c) With difficulty etc.

    No.

    Please consider the following sentences:

    1) He hardly works. (Scarcely)

    Good.

    2) The rule worked hardly. (With severity)

    Bad. Try:

    - The rule was enforced severely.

    You can say "The rule was hardly enforced," but that means: The rule was not enforced often.


    3) The husbandman lives hardly. (With hardship)

    Bad. Try:

    - The farmer lives a hard life.
    - The farmer endures hardship.

    I had to look up husbandman. In the US, we say farmer. Use that. Lots of women are farmers, and you wouldn't call them wifewomen, right?)


    In the above-mentioned sentences, except in the sense of 'scarcely', can I use the adverb 'hard' instead of 'hardly'?

    No. You can say:

    - She works hard.
    - They did hard work.
    - He was hard at work.
    - My cat hit his head hard.
    - That's a hard question.
    - The test wasn't too hard, was it?
    Carry on!
    Last edited by Charlie Bernstein; 30-Jul-2020 at 17:58.
    I'm not a teacher. I speak American English. I've tutored writing at the University of Southern Maine and have done a good deal of copy editing and writing, occasionally for publication.

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    #5

    Re: Hard/Hardly

    You could say the following:

    The rule hardly worked.

    This would mean that the authorities were not able to impose the law on the citizens.

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