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  1. Asad khan balooch
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    #1

    Figures of speech

    Can you please tell me what are the different figures of speech?

  2. #2

    Re: Figures of speech

    First of all, figure of speech is language used in a figurative or nonliteral sense. Having said that, even native speakers would feel awe seeing how many different categories there are. Here's a list from Webster's:
    (I don't agree with all the following items; IMO, some should not be categorized as figures of speech)
    • accumulatio
    • allegory
    • alliteration
    • amplification
    • anastrophe
    • anthimeria
    • antithesis
    • aphorism
    • aposiopesis
    • apostrophe
    • assonance
    • axiom
    • catachresis
    • chiasmus
    • circumlocution
    • conceit
    • denominatio
    • ellipsis
    • enallage
    • euphemism
    • figure
    • hyperbaton
    • hyperbole
    • kenning
    • idiom
    • irony
    • litotes
    • meiosis
    • metalepsis
    • metaphor
    • metonymy
    • onomatopoeia
    • parable
    • paradox
    • paralipsis
    • paronomasia
    • periphrasis
    • perissologia
    • personification
    • pleonasm
    • praeteritio
    • procatalepsis
    • proslepsis
    • proverb
    • pun
    • rhetoric
    • simile
    • syllepsis
    • synecdoche
    • synonymia
    • tertium comparationis
    • trope
    • tmesis (and dystmesis)
    • zeugma
    However, with the term "figure of speech" we usually refer to allegory, hyperbole, irony, metaphor and simile.

    allegory=An expressive style that uses fictional characters and events to describe some subject by suggestive resemblances; an extended metaphor.

    hyperbole=Extravagant exaggeration

    irony=Incongruity between what might be expected and what actually occurs

    metaphor=an expression used to refer to something that it does not literally denote in order to suggest a similarity.

    simile=A figure of speech that expresses a resemblance between things of different kinds (usually formed with `like' or `as').

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    #3

    Re: Figures of speech


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