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  1. #1
    Son Ho is offline Member
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    New airports will be constructed on islands.

    Good afternoon, teachers!
    I have changed sentence 1 into passive voice. Could you please tell me sentence 2 or 3 is grammatically correct? Would they be different or the same in comparison with sentence 1 if both of them were correct? Thanks a lot.


    1. They will construct new airports on islands.
    2. New airports will be constructed on islands.
    3. New airports on islands will be constructed.

  2. #2
    emsr2d2's Avatar
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    Re: New airports will be constructed on islands.

    They are all grammatically correct and possible in the right context. In the first, though, we have no way of knowing who "they" are.
    Remember - if you don't use correct capitalisation, punctuation and spacing, anything you write will be incorrect.

  3. #3
    Son Ho is offline Member
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    Re: New airports will be constructed on islands.

    I think the third one in passive is incorrect, isn't it? I wonder if there are any situations in which we must keep the adverb phrase with the object? If not it can change the meaning of the original sentence.

    1. Employers must pay all travel expenses for this training course.
    2. All travel expenses for this training course must be paid by employers.
    3. All travel expenses must be paid for this training course by employers.
    Last edited by Son Ho; 14-Jan-2021 at 09:44.

  4. #4
    Tdol is offline Editor, UsingEnglish.com
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    Re: New airports will be constructed on islands.

    Do we know which islands? If so, I would use the islands, and airports tend to be planned well in advance.

  5. #5
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    teechar is offline Moderator
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    Re: New airports will be constructed on islands.

    Quote Originally Posted by Son Ho View Post
    I think the third one in passive is incorrect, isn't it?
    No. I agree with emsr2d2 that it's grammatical but unusual. However, it is possible in the right context.
    For example,
    Airports on islands will not be a thing of the past. In fact, by the middle of the next century, international aviation will see passenger numbers triple, supersonic jets will be the norm, and new airports on islands will be constructed.

  6. #6
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    Re: New airports will be constructed on islands.

    Quote Originally Posted by Son Ho View Post
    I think the third one in passive is incorrect, isn't it?
    Yes.

    I wonder if there are any situations in which we must keep the adverb phrase with the object? If not it can change the meaning of the original sentence.
    That's right, there are, and yes, it can.

  7. #7
    Tdol is offline Editor, UsingEnglish.com
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    Re: New airports will be constructed on islands.

    Quote Originally Posted by Son Ho View Post
    I think the third one in passive is incorrect, isn't it?
    Not incorrect does not mean natural or likely.
    Last edited by Tdol; 15-Jan-2021 at 15:12. Reason: Adding "not"

  8. #8
    teechar's Avatar
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    Re: New airports will be constructed on islands.

    Was that meant to be "Not incorrect does not mean natural or likely"?

  9. #9
    Tarheel's Avatar
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    Re: New airports will be constructed on islands.

    Quote Originally Posted by Son Ho View Post
    I think the third one in passive is incorrect, isn't it? I wonder if there are any situations in which we must keep the adverb phrase with the object. If not it can change the meaning of the original sentence.

    1. Employers must pay all travel expenses for this training course.
    2. All travel expenses for this training course must be paid by employers.
    3. All travel expenses must be paid for this training course by employers.
    Starting a sentence with "I wonder" does not make it a question. It is simply a statement about what you are thinking. Also, anything you build (construct) is new when it is finished. So we don't build new things. We build something, and it's new (because it wasn't there before).
    Not a professional teacher

  10. #10
    teechar's Avatar
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    Re: New airports will be constructed on islands.

    Quote Originally Posted by Tarheel View Post
    So we don't build new things. We build something, and it's new (because it wasn't there before).
    I can't agree with that. It may not be the case in AmE, but in other varieties, it is quite common and natural to say build new things.
    They're building a new railway station across from the town hall.
    The old airport will be decommissioned and a new much larger one built.
    A brand new hotel is going to be built in the centre of town.

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