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  1. #1
    fruitninja is offline Newbie
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    /d/ sounds like a /t/ at the end of a word ?

    I often hear Native American speakers pronounce the words like: fund, and, end,.... with a /t/ sound at the end, rather than a /d/ sound. In other cases, people pronounce it with a /d/ sound, like in "destroyed". But, the use of a /t/ sound at the end of words that ends with "d" in spelling is very common (at least that's what it sounds to me). Is that a dialectal thing , or a meme, or something? I live in California USA , but my first language is not English, therefore I can't recognize the regional dialects in American English.
    Last edited by fruitninja; 11-Feb-2021 at 14:01. Reason: add more information

  2. #2
    GoesStation is offline Moderator
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    Re: /d/ sounds like a /t/ at the end of a word ?

    Native Americans are people descended from the people who inhabited North America before European colonists arrived here. I don't think that's who you have in mind.

    No Americans convert final Ds into a /t/ sound.
    I am not a teacher.

  3. #3
    Glizdka is online now Senior Member
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    Re: /d/ sounds like a /t/ at the end of a word ?

    Not a teacher
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    It depends on what surrounds the d. It's all about making our mouth parts' job of producing sounds easier.

    Sometimes, the unvoicedness of an unvoiced consonant carries over to a d, changing it to a t, e.g., watched, washed, dismissed.

    Is that what you're looking for?

  4. #4
    SoothingDave is offline VIP Member
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    Re: /d/ sounds like a /t/ at the end of a word ?

    You might hear this in a word like "wrecked," with the -ed on the end. I would not expect to hear it on a word like "end."

    This is likely a matter of dialect, maybe African American influenced.

  5. #5
    fruitninja is offline Newbie
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    Re: /d/ sounds like a /t/ at the end of a word ?

    @GoesStation ^^ sorry, I misunderstood the word "Native Americans". What I mean is the people whose were born in the US, and their first language is American English.
    And, I know that -ed suffix if follows an unvoiced consonant sound, such as /k/, /p/,/ch/,.... is pronounced with a /t/ sound.
    Can you guys take a look at this Youtube clip that I've recently watched https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hopLPVvfxbY&t=180s at 2:50 : " ...And you have as well the rubber tip on the end, which is the only thing....". The final 'd' in 'end' in this sentence sounds a lot like a /t/ to me. Is that really a /d/ sound ?
    Last edited by fruitninja; 11-Feb-2021 at 18:01. Reason: add more information

  6. #6
    jutfrank's Avatar
    jutfrank is offline VIP Member
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    Re: /d/ sounds like a /t/ at the end of a word ?

    It's not related to any particular variety or dialect of English, but a general rule of pronunciation. There are three possible ways to pronounce the suffix -ed: one of those is a 't' sound. As Glizdka points out in post #3, this happens when the sound directly preceding is an unvoiced consonant, as in all of the following:

    wrecked
    missed
    hoped
    touched
    kicked
    laughed
    finished

  7. #7
    jutfrank's Avatar
    jutfrank is offline VIP Member
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    Re: /d/ sounds like a /t/ at the end of a word ?

    Quote Originally Posted by fruitninja View Post
    The final 'd' in 'end' in this sentence sounds a lot like a /t/ to me. Is that really a /d/ sound ?
    It does sound a bit like a 't', yes. For some reason, she mispronounces it. It should be a 'd'.

  8. #8
    fruitninja is offline Newbie
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    Re: /d/ sounds like a /t/ at the end of a word ?

    I heard that many times, not a single case. For instance, in this example: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8evDJtPFTp0&t=72s at 1:05 , "...I learned that I prefer to have my work on one big screen, and, the reason for this is....". I'm pretty sure that the final 'd' in 'and' here is a /t/ sound. Did I hear it right?

  9. #9
    GoesStation is offline Moderator
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    Re: /d/ sounds like a /t/ at the end of a word ?

    Quote Originally Posted by fruitninja View Post
    " ...And you have as well the rubber tip on the end, which is the only thing....". The final 'd' in 'end' in this sentence sounds a lot like a /t/ to me. Is that really a /d/ sound ?
    It's very clearly a /d/. She even added a bit of a schwa sound after it, which makes it even clearer.
    I am not a teacher.

  10. #10
    GoesStation is offline Moderator
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    Re: /d/ sounds like a /t/ at the end of a word ?

    Quote Originally Posted by fruitninja View Post
    And here in this example too: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8evDJtPFTp0&t=72s at 1:05 , "...I learned that I prefer to have my work on one big screen, and, the reason for this is....". I'm pretty sure that the final 'd' in 'and' here is a /t/ sound. Is that right?
    That one does sound almost like a /t/. She's trying to articulate clearly for the video and over-emphasized the /d/.
    I am not a teacher.

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