What does "to bow to vengeance" mean? Thank you very much.
(context: And yet the villagers refused to sue the Coal Board as that would be "to bow to vengeance".)
To "bow to" means "yield to" or "give in to." The villagers did not want vengeance to be (or appear to be) their motive for the suit. They wanted their motives to be something other than vengeance.