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  1. #1

    V-ing form

    Could anybody tell me what the other name of "V-ing form" is?
    By the way, could anyone give me when to double the last letter in V-ing form, like : Chatting (or chating?)
    And in the past tense, when can we double the last letter?
    ex:Prefferred


    • Join Date: May 2006
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    #2

    Re: V-ing form

    Hi, Belly T,
    1. There are 3 -ing things in English: a present participle, a gerund and a noun formed from a verb.
    2. Basically, a consonant is doubled in order to keep the stressed syllable closed.
    chat - chatting, con - conning, wet - wetted, regret - regretted
    If you don't do it, the syllable will get opened and the pronunciation will change
    chating: cha-ting [ei]
    coning: co-ning [ou]
    weted : we-ted [wi:]
    So they will be just different words!

    Cheers

  2. #3

    Re: V-ing form

    You meant, the syllable is the consonant?

  3. MikeNewYork's Avatar
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    #4

    Re: V-ing form

    Quote Originally Posted by Belly T View Post
    Could anybody tell me what the other name of "V-ing form" is?
    By the way, could anyone give me when to double the last letter in V-ing form, like : Chatting (or chating?)
    And in the past tense, when can we double the last letter?
    ex:Prefferred
    I only know of two -ing verbals: present participle (used in forming the continuous/progressive form of a verb or used as a modifier) and a gerund (a verbal noun).

    In most cases, we double a terminal consonant after a vowel only when the stress is on that syllable and the vowel sound is short. (There are exceptions and there are consonants that never double).

    chat = chatting and chatted (vowel is short and accent is on that syllable)
    refer = referring and referred (same)
    meter = metered and metering (accent is on the first syllable)


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    #5

    Re: V-ing form

    No, Belly,
    A syllable is a minimum rhythmic unit of the language and has a vowel, eg
    re-gret - 2 syllables, un-der-stand -3 syllables.
    re - an open syllable
    -gret -a closed syllable
    The consonant is doubled in stressed syllables that have only one consonant after the vowel. If they have two, there's no need to double it:
    split -splitting
    sprint - sprinting
    Is it clear at all?


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    #6

    Re: V-ing form

    Tailgating Mike again... Sorry.

  4. MikeNewYork's Avatar
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    #7

    Re: V-ing form

    Quote Originally Posted by Humble View Post
    Tailgating Mike again... Sorry.
    No problem. The more the merrier.

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