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  1. #1
    Lovejoy Guest

    Present simple passive used for descriptions

    Hello :D

    "This shirt is made of cotton."

    How can I change this sentence so that it's in the active voice?

    "Cotton made this shirt." has a different meaning. "Cotton was used to make this shirt." has the correct meaning, but is in the passive voice. I also have trouble with sentences like "This fork is used for eating.".

    How do I go from passive to active and back again if there isn't a 'doer' in the sentence?

    Thank you for your help.

  2. #2
    Join Date
    Sep 2003
    Posts
    12,970

    Re: Present simple passive used for descriptions

    Quote Originally Posted by Lovejoy
    Hello :D

    "This shirt is made of cotton."

    How can I change this sentence so that it's in the active voice?

    "Cotton made this shirt." has a different meaning. "Cotton was used to make this shirt." has the correct meaning, but is in the passive voice. I also have trouble with sentences like "This fork is used for eating.".

    How do I go from passive to active and back again if there isn't a 'doer' in the sentence?

    Thank you for your help.
    Hello,

    First, it's not passive in structure. Second, the past participle "made" has two functions: it functions as a verb (make, made) and as an adjective: (made, made of, made from)

    Verb (make, made)
    Active: John makes lunch everyday.
    Passive: Lunch is made by John everyday.

    Adjective (made)
    Active: This shirt is made of cotton.
    Passive: (No passive form. The verb 'is' is stative')

    Active: John makes (Verb) shirts made of (adjective) cotton for a living.
    Passive: Shirts made of cotton are made by John for a living.

    Verb (used)
    Passive: This fork is used by people for eating.
    Active: People use this fork for eating.

    Adjective (used)
    Active: This is a used-fork.
    Active:This fork is used (i.e. old)
    Passive: (no passive form)

    Verb (used), Adjective (used)
    Active: I used his used car today.
    Passive: His used car was used by me today.

    Active and Passive: This fork is made of (adjective) silver and made (verb) by people in Mexico.


    All the best,

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